Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/79253


Title: 歐巴馬時期美國反恐政策及作為研究
The Study of Obama Administration's Anti-Terrorism Policy and Actions
Authors: 李濟威
Li, Ji Wei
Contributors: 邱坤玄
李濟威
Li, Ji Wei
Keywords: 九一一事件
恐怖主義
恐怖攻擊
反恐政策
911 incident
terrorism
terrorist attacks
anti-terrorism policy
Date: 2015
Issue Date: 2015-11-02 14:59:30 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 自九一一事件發生後所引發之恐怖主義的威脅與反恐戰爭,明顯的衝擊全球化發展並造成國際間關係的變動與文明衝突的擴大,全球恐怖主義的能量也並未獲得有效遏止,恐怖攻擊事件仍層出不窮;此一影響的時間究竟會有多久,幅度有多大,視恐怖主義威脅持續的時間與程度而定。
2003年美、英兩國盟軍大舉進軍伊拉克,做為21世紀的第一場戰役。雖然這場戰役的確有其反恐的面向,去除一個國際恐怖主義運作的潛在基地與切斷期大規模毀滅武器的提供管道。但是,更重要的戰略目標還是在調整中東地區的政治現狀與政治改革,以改變伊斯蘭極端主義。但事後觀之,其結果仍是極其有限,這也可以解釋為何從伊拉克戰役後到現在,恐怖攻擊事件在全球各地仍層出不窮地發生。
後賓拉登時代的美國全球反恐戰略,隨著賓拉登集團的崩解以及阿富汗戰事的結束,美國所要防範的恐怖組織將更零星,所以美國全球反恐的戰略手段逐漸趨向「先制」與「軟實力」影響並重,以因應大環境的轉變。從當前的對付恐怖主義的成果而言,一味運用軍事打擊手段仍不能完全有效的解決此一問題,必須從根本解決恐怖主義所肇生的政治、經濟、宗教及社會因素,而要降低此一全球安全風險,自然也需要世界各國人力與物力充分的動員與行動、相互協調及資訊、資源的交換,才能有效根絕此一人類共同的威脅。
After 911, the threat of terrorism and the course of anti-terrorism shakes the development of globalization, alters the international relation, and worsens the conflict between different cultural civilizations. The momentum of global terrorism does not seem to be deterred; conflicts and attacks led by terrorists continue to emerge. The effects and scales of the terrorism legacies depend on how long does terrorism strive and to what extent does it strike.
In 2003, the alliance of the U.S. and U.K. sent troops to Iraq, which marked the first warfare in 21st century. Though the purpose of this war was to eliminate a potential terrorism base as well as to destruct the supply chain of nuclear weapon, the more important military agenda of this war was to adjust the governance within Middle East and to revolutionize its political state in order to change the extremist group of Islam in the area. However, the result of this military course was confirmed to be failed afterwards. Terrorist attacks happen restlessly around the globe dated from the Iraq war until now.
The anti-terrorism strategy in Post-Bin Laden era emphasizes on the principal of proactive and soft power as the terrorist groups became disorganized and scattered, followed by the fallen of Bin Laden. It made the United States more difficult to prevent and to predict terrorist attack. Take the current result of anti-terrorism as an example, using military action alone on terrorism does not resolve the issue efficiently. To against terrorism, it has to start from the origins of the terrorism, namely the political, economic, religious and social factor. In order to lower the safety risk among the global community, it requires cooperation such as the logistic of goods and services, corresponding movement between states, exchange and share of intelligence information, to eliminate the common enemy of humanity.
Reference: 參考書目
中文部分
一、專書
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英文部分
一、專書
Bush, George W. The Department of Homeland Security. Washington D.C.: The White House, 2002.
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二、期刊論文
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國家安全與大陸研究碩士在職專班
102981016
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1029810161
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國家安全與大陸研究碩士在職專班] 學位論文

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