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Title: 以Q方法處理動物保護政策中的道德爭議:動物保護團體相關政策之執行方向
Authors: 嚴伯彥
Contributors: 第三部門硏究中心
Keywords: 動保政策;道德爭議;動物保護團體;Q方法
Animal Protection Policy;Moral Disputes;Animal Protection Association;Q Methodology.
Date: 2015-09-26
Issue Date: 2015-12-31 16:20:31 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 國內動物保護政策(以下簡稱動保政策)自1998年11月4日實施「動物保護法後」以降,政府面臨具有道德爭議之棘手問題。例如在絕育政策上,正方基於透過減少繁衍來抑制動物被棄養為流浪犬貓之可能而贊成,反方則因其剝奪生物自然繁衍之權利而反對,此類涉及之價值爭議在雙方皆不願妥協下,使政策推行不易。然而,若能在眾多意見中探詢出共識處,則利於政策之推行。反之,若吾人能探詢出在諸多政策方中,各方意見歧異較大之處,便能提供政府將其列入暫緩推行之政策,因若推行不具共識的政策則可能會面臨較多的阻力。為求得道德爭議中各方意見之共識與差異處,則勢必須有一個研究方法能分析出受試者對於該議題之論述結構,因此本研究採用Q方法進行研究,透過該研究方法將受試者之意見進行分類,同時在這些分類中找出相同及差異處,釐清在眾多論述下之國內動保政策中,存在哪幾類主要之論述觀點,以及在這些論述中之共識與差異性,以利於對國內動保政策及動物保護團體提出適切建議。
Since the animal protection policy has been implemented in Taiwan, our government has faced moral disputes for a long time. For instance, in the trap-neuter-release policy, people who supports the policy are in favor of reducing the number of animal-Abandonment rates. On the other side, people who are against the policy oppose to the deprivation of the natural behaviors rights of animals. These kinds of policies which involve moral disputes caused the reason why our animal protection policy can not be smoothly conducted in Taiwan. However, the consensus on this issue, are the key to overcome the difficulties in the policy. In our research, we managed to condense the consensus and differences among the antithesis in order to suggest what our government and animal protection association should do initially, and should avoid doing now.How to deal with the problems? It is important to use an appropriate methodology. The methodology must have the function that could find out the consensus and differences on subjective from the subjects. Therefore, Our article was tempted to using Q Methodology for the requirement.
Relation: 自律或他律? 第三部門治理與責信學術研討會
臺灣第三部門學會,國立政治大學第三部門硏究中心主辦 ; 喜憨兒社會福利基金會協辦
Data Type: conference
Appears in Collections:[2015第三部門治理與責信學術研討會] 會議論文

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