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Title: Wave propagation in the predator-prey systems
Authors: 符聖珍
Fu, Sheng-Chen;Tsai, Je-Chiang
Contributors: 應數系
Keywords: predator–prey system;travelling wave;spreading speed;super/sub-solution
Date: 2015-12
Issue Date: 2016-01-13 16:23:53 (UTC+8)
Abstract: In this paper, we study a class of predator–prey systems of reaction–diffusion type. Specifically, we are interested in the dynamical behaviour for the solution with the initial distribution where the prey species is at the level of the carrying capacity, and the density of the predator species has compact support, or exponentially small tails near $x=\pm \infty $ . Numerical evidence suggests that this will lead to the formation of a pair of diverging waves propagating outwards from the initial zone. Motivated by this phenomenon, we establish the existence of a family of travelling waves with the minimum speed. Unlike the previous studies, we do not use the shooting argument to show this. Instead, we apply an iteration process based on Berestycki et al 2005 (Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 178 57–80) to construct a set of super/sub-solutions. Since the underlying system does not enjoy the comparison principle, such a set of super/sub-solutions is not based on travelling waves, and in fact the super/sub-solutions depend on each other. With the aid of the set of super/sub-solutions, we can construct the solution of the truncated problem on the finite interval, which, via the limiting argument, can in turn generate the wave solution. There are several advantages to this approach. First, it can remove the technical assumptions on the diffusivities of the species in the existing literature. Second, this approach is of PDE type, and hence it can shed some light on the spreading phenomenon indicated by numerical simulation. In fact, we can compute the spreading speed of the predator species for a class of biologically acceptable initial distributions. Third, this approach might be applied to the study of waves in non-cooperative systems (i.e. a system without a comparison principle).
Relation: Nonlinearity, 28, 4389-4423.
Data Type: article
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