Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/85719


Title: 「顛峰型」教師之研究
Other Titles: The Study of the Flourishing Teachers
Authors: 余民寧
Contributors: 教育學系
Keywords: 顛峰型教師;全面身心靈健康;靈性幸福感;靈性健康;生命意義
flourishing teachers;complete body-mind-spirituality health;spiritual well-being;spiritual health;meaning of life
顛峰型教師;主觀幸福感;靈性幸福感;顛峰幸福感;正向比;積 極性因應;the flourishing teachers;subjective well-being;spiritual well-being;flourishing
Date: 2013
Issue Date: 2016-04-20 16:45:31 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究持續兩年蒐集教師心理健康相關因子,目的在賡續前案的九
類心理健康狀態的分類,持續探索其中的顛峰型和幽谷型教師在各
測量變項及量表上的差異,並探索各種教師心理健康的保護因子或
危險因子。第一年隨機抽樣全國中小學教師,共獲得1180名有效樣
本,進行有關主觀幸福感量表、靈性幸福感量表、顛峰幸福量表、
及憂鬱情緒量表等因素的測量。第二年再次隨機抽樣全國中小學教
師,共獲得1251名有效樣本,進行有關主觀幸福感量表、正向比量
表、巔峰幸福感量表、憂鬱量表、及積極性因應量表等因素的測量
。兩年來的主要研究發現:(1)顛峰型教師比幽谷型教師在靈性幸
福感總量表及其中三個子因素上,有顯著較高的表現;(2)顛峰型
教師比幽谷型教師在顛峰幸福量表及其二個子因素上,有顯著較高
的表現;(3)顛峰型教師比幽谷型教師,具有較多的義工服務頻率
及靜坐冥想的經驗;(4)高正向比教師比低正向比教師,在主觀幸
福感、巔峰幸福感、及積極性因應量表上,有顯著較高的表現;在
憂鬱量表上,則有顯著較低的表現;(5)高正向比教師比低正向比
教師,在處理學生問題、家長問題、及同(人)事問題的壓力上
,有顯著較低的負荷感受;(6)主觀幸福感在正向比、積極性因應
及工作壓力與憂鬱之間,扮演著中介的角色。整體而言,顛峰型教
師或正向比大於等於3的教師比其他類型教師,具有較為良好的心理
健康狀態與特質;此外,本研究提出部份教師心理健康的保護因子
或危險因子,並發現主觀幸福感在其中扮演著中介的角色。最後
,本研究亦針對研究結果提出具體建議。
The current study used the data randomly sampled from the
elementary to senior-high-school teachers of whole Taiwan.
First year, a total random sample of 1180 teachers were
collected and analyzed. Second year, a total random sample
of 1251 teachers were collected and analyzed. Data analysis
included the t-test and SEM, while missing data were
handled by using the EM algorithm to obtain the ML
estimates. The whole data was collected by using a Likerttyped
4-point survey scale. The goodness-of-fit of model
was found in the data.
Results show that 1) the flourishing teachers have
significantly higher scores on the four subscales and the
whole Spiritual Well-Being Scale than those of the
languishing teachers. 2) Besides, the flourishing teachers
also have significantly higher scores on the two factors of
Flourishing Scale, such as positive emotions and positive
functions, than those of the languishing teachers. 3) The
flourishing teachers have more activities of voluntary
works and mindfulness meditation than those of the
languishing teachers. 4) The teachers with positivity-ratio
greater than and equal to 3 were proved as having higher
scores on the Subjective Well-Being Scale, Proactive Coping
Scale, Flourishing Well-Being Scale, and lower scores on
the Taiwan Depression Scale than those of other teachers
with positivity-ratio less than 3. 5) Besides, the teachers
with positivity-ratio greater than and equal to 3 perceived
lower work-stress from students, parents, and colleges
affairs, as compared to those of teachers with positivityratio
less than 3. 6) The subjective well-being mediated
the relationships between the positivity-ratio, proactive
coping, healthy behavior, work-stress, and depression.
In sum, the flourishing-type teachers seemed to be more
health than the other types of teachers. Also, the teachers
with positivity-ratio greater than and equal to 3 seemed to
be more health than the other type of teachers. Finally,
conclusions and suggestions for practice and further
studies were also proposed.
Relation: 計畫編號 NSC 102-2410-H004-191-SS2
Data Type: report
Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 國科會研究計畫

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