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Title: 母性、女性身份認同及城市空間:研讀瑪汀•凱伊特的九0年代之小說
Other Titles: Motherhood, Female Identity and Urban Space: Approaches to the Novels of the 1990s by Carmen Martin Gaite
Authors: 楊瓊瑩
Contributors: 歐洲語文學系
Keywords: 瑪汀‧凱伊特;母性;女性身份認同;城市空間;女性漫遊者;女性自我實現
Carmen Martín Gaite;motherhood;female identity;urban space;flâneuse;women’s self realization
Date: 2013
Issue Date: 2016-04-20 17:13:33 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 瑪汀‧凱伊特(Carmen Martín Gaie, 1925-2000)是西班牙內戰後以來文學作品產量豐 富的女性作家,其作品深入刻畫人生處境(尤其是女性角色的轉變),而備受歐美文壇 讚譽。本計畫以文本分析為起點,探討作品中母親的角色扮演與女性自我成長、母親與 女兒的關係、城市地景(cityscape)/空間意象、城市空間與女性漫遊者(flâneuse)及女性自 我認同的危機與主體價值的建構等層面。本計劃以母性、女性身份認同及城市空間之主 題來詮釋瑪汀‧凱伊特的九0 年代之作品,擴展文學與文化研究的運用,有架構性地探 討該作家小說的創作脈絡。 本計劃以兩年期方式執行。第一年以《小紅帽在曼哈頓》(Caperucita en Manhattan, 1990)及《變化多端的雲》(Nubosidad variable, 1992)為例,將探討城市空間如何激發女 主角的想像空間及對自由的渴望,顛覆傳統女性侷限於居家/私有領域的刻版形象,進 而思索個人的存在價值。將分析小說中所呈現的不同類型之「母親」角色,而她們如何 啟發或影響女主角兒時的成長,再現女性團結、女性自我實踐等論述。第二年將分析及 比較女性角色在《奇特的是活下去》(Lo raro es vivir, 1996)及《離家》(Irse de casa, 1998) 如何追尋私有/封閉、公共/開放空間的平衡,進而認同母職,擁抱母性。也將探討瑪汀‧ 凱伊如何特藉著女性漫遊者在城市漫遊的旅程中,證明城市空間如何影響個人自我認 知,體現女性多重身份認同之追尋。
Carmen Martín Gaite (1925-2000) is considered one of Spain’s most prolific women writers since the Civil War. Her literary production deeply portrays the life dilemma, especially in the aspect of women’s changing roles, and has been highly acclaimed by critics in Europe and U.S. Based on textual analysis, the present project will be centered on the study of the role of the mother and women’s self development, the mother/daughter relationship, cityscape/spatial images, urban space and the role of the flâneuse, the crisis of women’s identity and the construction of female subjectivity. The project aims to explore motherhood, female identity and urban space as central themes to study the novels of the 1990s by Carmen Martín Gaite, and it expands the research of literature and cultural studies, constructively investigates the writing style of our writer’s works. This project will be conducted in two years. In the first year, Caperucita en Manhattan (1990) and Nubosidad variable (1992) will be analyzed. I will focus on how the urban space can provoke female characters’ imaginative power and their anxiety for liberation, subvert the notion of domestic and enclosed spaces for women, and reflect upon the existential values. I will study how the diverse roles of mothers inspire or influence female characters’ childhood development in order to represent the discourses of female solidarity and women’s self realization. In the second year, I will analyze and compare how the female characters in Lo raro es vivir (1996) and Irse de casa (1998) seek the balance of private/enclosed and public/open spaces, in order to recognize the significance of maternity, to embrace motherhood. Furthermore, I will study how Martín Gaite portrays the flâneuse, who, in the process of urban flânerie, attempts to demonstrate the ways in which the city space affects self awareness and represents the multiple roles played by women.
Relation: 計畫編號 NSC 101-2410-H004-186-MY2
Data Type: report
Appears in Collections:[歐洲語文學系] 國科會研究計畫

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