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Zhimaim;Tibet-Bo;Graves in Qinghai;Expansion and Impact of Tibet-Bo Kingdom
|Issue Date:||2016-05-06 11:50:57 (UTC+8)|
Zhimain is a custom of Make-up by red color in ancient Tibet. In recent years, the custom of Zhimian, popular back then among Tibet-Bo Kingdom, has been found in Graves of Guolimu(果裏木)、Reshui(熱水) in Qinghai in colored drawings of wood blocks, which is a facial decoration regardless of gender and caste. They have the same pattern: make-up in red on the protruding parts of face such as forehead, nose, chin and cheek, and the make-up points on two sides of the cheek are symmetrical in terms of the number and position. Both graveyards are in 800 AD or so, and the hosts of them were in a higher level of Tibet-Bo Period and Tibet-Bo Kingdom’s Sheikhdom. The referring of Zhimian in Tibet-Bo can date back as early as 641AD (貞觀十五年) as a custom met by Princess Wencheng when she settled in Tibet, as the Historical record Tangshu(舊唐書). As the mark of Plateau Cultural, Zhimian once emerged in Qinghai and other areas with the expansion of Tibet-Bo’s impact, and affected Chang’an area in Tang Dynasty. In an earlier time as the Historical record Shuishu(隋書), there existed a custom of “painting face with colors」, and the origin of Tibet-Bo’s Zhimian, might be from hunting and herbing tribes in North-West Part of Tibet plateau. After the perdition of Tibet-Bo Kingdom, Zhimian was only preserved in part of the hunting and herding tribes in northwest of Tibet, and still exists today, which is always a feature of the plateau culture.
|Appears in Collections:||[民族學界(民族學報)] 期刊論文|
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