Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/94919


Title: 公共基礎建設、人力資本與內生成長
Public Infrastructure, Human Capital, and Endogenous Growth
Authors: 楊馥菁
Contributors: 賴景昌
Lai, Ching Chong
楊馥菁
Keywords: 公共基礎建設
人力資本
內生成長
補貼
Public Infrastructure
Human Capital
Endogenous Growth
Subsidy
Date: 2008
Issue Date: 2016-05-09 13:27:30 (UTC+8)
Abstract:   隨著知識經濟的崛起以及許多社會現象與研究文獻的證實,人力資本對一國的經濟成長而言,已是不可或缺的動力;因此,本文沿用Barro (1990)模型,將人力資本要素引進生產函數,並設定政府部門對私部門的人力資本投資有特定比例的補貼,據此探討加入人力資本要素後,Barro (1990)模型是否有不同的結果?而人力資本與其補貼對於經濟成長的影響又為何?

本文分析的結果發現,租稅政策對經濟體系的影響大致與Barro (1990)模型的結論相同,分別為:一、所得稅率的變動,為經濟成長率帶來的影響仍是不確定的;二、在給定特定的人力資本補貼率,如果政府所課徵的所得稅率能夠達成經濟成長率的極大,就能夠使社會福利水準達到極大。但與Barro (1990)不同的是,因為本模型的體系中存在著人力資本的補貼,因此在極大化經濟成長率的水準下,所得稅率會較Barro (1990)模型下的所得稅率大。

此外,由於人力資本與補貼的加入,使得本文有所突破之處:一、和一般認知不同的是,政府對於人力資本投資的補貼增加,在其他條件不變下,使得對於經濟成長率的影響並非正向,而是不確定的。二、給定特定的所得稅率,當政府決定的人力資本補貼率能使經濟成長達極大時,亦會使社會福利水準達到極大。
Reference: 一、中文部份
李信興 (2006),《人力資本存量與經濟成長之關係》,臺北市立教育大學教育行政與評鑑研究所碩士論文。
陳明郎 (1999),《經濟成長》,台北,華泰。
賴景昌 (2004),《總體經濟學》,第二版。台北,雙葉。
賴景昌 (2006),《內生成長理論》,輔仁大學上課講義。
賴景昌 (2007),《如何建構內生成長模型》,輔仁大學上課講義。

二、英文部份
Agénor, P. R. (2005), “Infrastructure, Public Education and Growth with Congestion Costs,” Working Paper NO. 47, Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research,
University of Manchester.
Alonso-Carrera, J. (2000), “The Subsidy to Human Capital Accumulation in an Endogenous Growth Model: A Comparative Dynamics Analysis,” Journal of
Macroeconomics 22: 409-431.
Barro, R. J. (1990), “Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous
 Growth,” Journal of Political Economy 98: S103-125.
Barro, R. J. (1991), “Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries,” Quarterly
Journal of Economy 106: 407-443.
Barro, R. J. and Lee, J. W. (1993), “International Comparisons of Educational
Attainment,” Journal of Monetary Economy 32: 363-394.
Barro, R. (2001), “Human Capital and Growth,” American Economic Review, 91:
12–17.

Barro, R. and Sala-i-Martin, X. (2004), Economic Growth, 2nd Edition. Mass.,
Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Becker, G. S., Murphy, K. M., and Tamura, R. (1990), “Human Capital, Fertility, and
Economic Growth,” Journal of Political Economy 98: S12-37
Caballé, J. (1995), “Endogenous Growth, Human Capital, and Bequests in a Life-
Cycle Model,” Oxford Economic Papers 47: 156-181.
Cass, D. (1965), “Optimal Growth in an Aggregate Model of Capital Accumulation,”
Review of Economic Studies 32: 229-243.
Domar, E. D. (1947), “Expansion and Employment,” American Economic Review 67: 137-147.
Futagami, K., Morita, Y. and Shibata, A. (1993), “Dynamic Analysis of an Endogenous Growth Model with Public Capital,” Scandinavian Journal of
Economic 95: 607-625.
Hanushek, E. A., and Kimko, D. D.(2000), “Schooling, Labor-Force Quality, and the
Growth of Nations,” American Economic Review 90: 1184-1208.
Harrod, R. F. (1939), “An Essay in Dynamic Theory,” Economic Journal 49: 14-33.
Koopmans, T. C. (1965), “On the Concept of Optimal Economic Growth,” in Koopmans, T. C. ed., The Econometric Approach to Development Planning.
Amsterdam: North-Hollan.
Lucas, R. (1988), “On the Mechanics of Economic Development,” Journal of
Monetary Economic 23: 3-42.
Lin, T. C. (2003), “Education, Technical Progress, and Economic Growth: The Case
of Taiwan,” Economics of Education Review 22: 213-220.
Mankiw, N. G., Romer, D., and Weil, D. N. (1992), “A Contribution to the Empirics
of Economic Growth,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 107: 407-437.

Mincer, J. (1984), “Human Capital and Economic Growth,” Economics of Education
Review 3: 195-205.
Rebelo, S. T. (1991), “Long Run Policy Analysis and Long Run Growth,” Journal of
Political Economy 99: 500-521.
Romer, P. M. (1986), “Increasing Returns and Long Run Growth,” Journal of
Political Economy 94: 1002-1037.
Romer, P. M. (1990), “Endogenous Technological Change,” Journal of Political
Economy 98: S71-102.
Schultz, T. W. (1961), “Investment in Human Capital,” American Economic Review
51: 1-17.
Solow, R. M. (1956), “A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth,” Quarterly
Journal of Economics 70: 65-94.
Swan, T. W. (1956), “Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation,” Economics
Record 32: 334-361.
Uzawa, H. (1964), “Optimal Growth in a Two-Sector Model of Capital
Accumulation ?” Review of Economic Studies 31: 1-24.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
經濟學系
95258010
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095258010
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
index.html0KbHTML262View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing