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|Other Titles:||Discussing the Legal Issues of the Monk Community in the T’ang Dynasty|
T’ang Dynasty;Monk;Hell Trial;Lawsuit;Temple Property
|Issue Date:||2016-05-20 15:35:53 (UTC+8)|
The legal issues of monks during the T’ang Dynasty are concerned with the monks’ management in accord with national regulations, their criminal offenses and common pleas, and the monks’ social image. The T’ang Dynasty had very detailed management regulations in place to govern Buddhist priests, including standards from national laws and Buddhist disciplines. In the early years of the T’ang Dynasty, rulers took a hostile view of Buddhism. They even took advantage of hell trials to impose their national management policy on Buddhist institutions. A number of Buddhist revolts erupted in the period of Xuanzong. These led to a feel-ing of distrust toward the Buddhism community and the reorganization of Buddhism itself. T’ang Dynasty monks were very politically active and associated with aristocrats, and becoming involved in political struggles, thereby hampering national interests. On occasion the monks perpetrated crimes and sought legal address to resolve ownership dis-putes over temple property and temple leadership. Some monks were skilled in imaginary techniques and medical knowledge. This led to the monks being identified as citizens, and, consequently, as offenders against social order. Based on the judicial cases studied by other writers, one can dis-cuss the social images of, and the enactments for, the monk community in the T’ang Dynasty. In particular, this article discusses two such is-sues, including the infringement of national and personal interests, and a lawsuit regarding the disputes over temple property.
|Relation:||法學評論, 111, 1-79|
|Appears in Collections:||[法學評論 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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