政大學術集成


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/96948


Title: 論現代中國史研究之雙重意義
Other Titles: The Twofold Meaning in Modern Historical Studies on China
Authors: 戴景賢
Tai, Ching-hsien
Keywords: 現代中國史學;中國史學史;中國史研究;中國思想史;中國現代學術
modern Chinese studies;Chinese historiography;philosophy of history;Chinese scholarship in the twentieth century;Chinese intellectual history
Date: 2014-06
Issue Date: 2016-05-25 11:57:24 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 「歷史」云者,雖於今日,已屬日常語彙,溯其來歷,則係一文明概念。其成立,必要之條件,除觀看者、紀錄者與綜括者之外,亦須有一理論上構成「歷史敘述」與「歷史分析」之客觀對象;對象之設定不同,敘述之脈絡,與所附加之詮釋,乃至衍生之反省效應,亦有所差異。而在其發展之歷程中,由「族群記憶」之歷史,演變為具有「批評意識」之歷史,有一極重要之變化,即是於歷史敘述之各別對象之上,或說其背後,設定一「人類文明歷程」之概念,並以此作為「歷史敘述」之場域。此點,無論於西方與中國皆有其設置之過程。唯以實際之歷史敘述或研究而言,則因受制於不同時代有關「地理」與「文明」之知識,不僅「歷史思惟」作為一種建構「知識」之途徑,有其實質之侷限;凡學者所思考於人類之文明歷程者,其本身,亦是一隨「史學」發展而持續增擴之理解與想像。不僅如此,一切歷史之敘述,與其所能提供於後人之有關所謂「歷史事實」之說明,於進入檢閱者之內心時,亦必然受披覽當時,檢閱者心理條件與思惟所影響。因此無論「歷史」作為「歷史」之普遍意義,或「個別歷史論述」之成為一種「語言展示」之特殊意義,皆應導入一種深層之解剝:前者關於「普遍意義」者,應歸於「歷史哲學」之領域;而後者,凡涉及所謂「說明」之特殊意義者,則應劃屬「史學思想史」之範圍。現當代中國史研究之具有雙重意涵,即是於後者之論析中產生。本文以是依「現當代中國史研究之世界史意義」與「現當代中國史研究之世界史意義」,將之區分為兩重。其研究之重點,則依序畫分為4:1.現當代中國史研究之「世界史」視野;2.關於歷史發展是否具有「主體之延續性」問題;3.現當代中國史研究之「中國史」意義;4.作為「國家未來」之中國與作為「文明未來」之中國。
What makes history become history? It involves the observer, the narrator, the interpreter, and the critics. Moreover, for the historians, it also requires a theoretical framework where history itself becomes the subject of observation.Different attitudes towards history lead to different styles of historical narratives.Different interpretations of historical narratives are created by different theoretical and historical frameworks. For the last one hundred years, two approaches have been used in the studies of Chinese history. One is to put Chinese history within the framework of world history; the other is to view it from within the Chinese society. This paper aims to examine and compare the two different approaches so as to evaluate their significance in the studies of Chinese history. In this way, the twofold meaning of Chinese history becomes clear in modern historical studies.
Relation: 政大中文學報, 21, 245-278
Bulletin of the Department of Chinese Literature National Chengchi University
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[Bulletin of the Department of Chinese Literature National Chengchi University] Journal Articles

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
21(245-278).pdf2746KbAdobe PDF242View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing