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Title: 殖民地戰爭的舞臺:對德國殖民地戰爭中極端軍事暴行之再評估的反思
Other Titles: The Colonial Theater of War:Reflections on a Revaluation of Extreme Military Violence in the German Colonial Wars
Authors: 陳冠任
Kuss, Susanne;Chen, Kuan-jen
Keywords: 戰爭舞臺;種族滅絕;德國;殖民地戰爭
Theater of War;Colonial War;Germany;Genocide
Date: 2010-11
Issue Date: 2016-06-02 15:35:36 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 針對上述問題,本文將分別討論德國軍隊在中國、西南非以及東非的暴行,並進一步討論「戰爭舞臺」的概念如何滲透入士兵的思想、認知、可能的行動和行動範圍,並釐清當地狀態;此將有助於釐清殖民地戰爭舞臺概念,而這概念可以對軍隊暴力行為提出較前人描述更細膩的解釋。
When it comes to the causes of extreme military violence in the German colonial wars, the primary factors cited have been the motivations and intentions, along with the mental or psychological dispositions of the German military, the primary factors cited have been the motivations and intentions, along with the mental or psychological dispositions of the German military. The assertion that there is a continuity of genocidal desire to exterminate others from these colonial wars to World War II, specifically on the part of the German military, is based on the argument that events are similar and on the inference that attitudes were identical. Sources yield no evidence to confirm this hypothesis, however. It also focuses only on the Herero and Nama War in German South-West Africa, while the other colonial wars are left outside of consideration. The assertion that there is a specifically German destructive type of military violence that was expressed not only in the colonial wars, but also in all later wars waged by Germany, whether in the colonies or in Europe, is based on the argument of there being particular types of conduct shaped by the institution of the military. This raises the question, however, of whether the behavior of German soldiers in the colonial wars was in fact in-line with the norms and rules set in place in Europe. Among the pieces of evidence that such was not the case, one item stands out: the different ways in which force was used in the colonial wars. Genocide occurred in German South-West Africa, but not in German East Africa or China. What was different about German South-West Africa? The nature and extent of the violence used can be determined not only from a logic inherent in the German national history and its structures, but also by the interaction of local circumstances, which themselves have a number of different causes. The acts of violence perpetrated in each case were the result of specific sets of circumstances, and they were marked by certain contingencies: the waging of each war and the extent of the violence involved were the result of the conditions in the specific “theater of war”. In accordance with above of issues, this essay dividedly discusses the violence of German troops who were deployed to the colonies and at three colonial wars: those in China, in German South-West Africa, and in German East Africa, then, it goes dicuss the term “theater of war” how to penetrate the mindsets and perceptions, the possible actions and scopes of action of soldiers at the time, and on illuminating the local situation. Thus, this eaasy will yield the concept of the colonial theater of war, which permits a more nuanced explanation of military acts of violence than previous depictions.
Relation: 政治大學歷史學報, 34, 53-84
The Journal of History
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文

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