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|Other Titles:||The Process and Results of Shanghai’s Bureau of Social Affairs Handling of Labor Disputes during the Chinese Civil Wars|
Shanghai’s Bureau of Social Affairs;labor dispute resolution committee;labor dispute;inflation
|Issue Date:||2016-06-02 16:00:28 (UTC+8)|
This research focuses on the Shanghai’s Bureau of Social Affairs handling of labor disputes during the civil war era. Primarily, the increasing number of labor disputes between 1945 and 1949 was due to inflation caused by the government’s issuing of considerable amounts of legal tender. Accordingly, conflict began between labor and management because the laborers’ salaries were not sufficient to support their families while the salary increases resulted in higher operating costs for corporations. The local government classified labor disputes into two categories: the first were called strike cases and the second labor dispute cases. After the Second World War, the number of both cases increased significantly. The Bureau of Social Affairs had the responsibility of resolving labor disputes since its establishment in 1927. In May 1946, the Labor Dispute Resolution Committee was established to make final judgments. From the legal perspective, very few cases were judged by the Resolution Committee even though it could take the initiative. The major duty of the committee was to formulate a single set of regulations. This paper looks at the examples of the Meiguang match factory, the hotel industry and the printing industry. After comparing labor and management requests with the final reconciliation agreements, it is found that some requests from labor were turned down by the Bureau of Social Affairs as in the case of the Meigiuang match factory. Likewise, some requests from management were also turned down as in the case of the printing industry. This proves that this government organization did not favor the management side when handling labor disputes. It should not be regarded as a “tool for suppressing labor activities”. Moreover, strikes happened in all three cases but all laborers agreed to return to work after the strikes. Thus to a certain extent, the Bureau of Social Affairs was able to achieve good resolutions when handling labor disputes.
|Relation:||政治大學歷史學報, 36, 127-170|
The Journal of History
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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