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|Other Titles:||Xu Zi-sang and his roles in the Mid-summer Ghost Festival in Keelung during Japanese Colonial Period in Taiwan|
clan organization;Qing-an-gong;Tong-feng-hui;ritual of universal salvation;Matsu belief;local leaders
|Issue Date:||2016-06-02 16:01:54 (UTC+8)|
Xu Zi-sang was an important local leader in Keelung during the Japanese colonial period in Taiwan. He was appointed as the chief of Keelung Street, the chief of Keelung District, and the congressman of Taipei Prefecture; serving the local people for almost half a century. The Keelung Mid-summer Ghost Festival was the most prominent traditional festival in this seaport city during the colonial period, and the scale of festival activity was much bigger than other worship ceremonies or festivals, including Matsu, Cheng-huang, Kai-zhang Sheng-wang, and the Japanese Shinto shrine ceremonies. This article will discuss the leaders of places which were important to the Japanese Colonial Government and traditional festival activity in Keelung during their colonization. Xu Zi-sang in particular, was not only an important political figure, but also a prominent man in local society at that time. He had three roles to play: the leader of the Xu Clan, the administrator of Qing-an-gong, and the head of the Tong-feng-hui. The Xu Clan was one of a group of eleven, who had cyclically taken responsibility for the running of the festival ceremonies and celebrations since the fifth year of the Qing Dynasty Xianfeng Emperor (1855). Qing-an-gong was the most revered Matsu temple in Keelung, a site of deliverance for the pious who prayed to the sea god, and also the site where the Mid-summer Festival ceremony took place. The Tong-feng-hui was a new kind of association backed by the support of the Colonial Government which, with Xu as the head, aimed mainly to reform Keelung’s social customs. Thus, each of his positions had different obligations in the traditional Keelung Mid-summer Ghost Festival activities. How did these groups of distinctly different natures influence the most important traditional local festival in Keelung during the Japanese Colonial Period? How did the Xu Zi-sang play the trinity role？These issues have hardly received any attention in the past, and few of them have been analyzed in detail.This paper attempts investigate the issues mentioned above in order to enhancereference material on this topic for the academic circle.
|Relation:||政治大學歷史學報, 37, 147-196|
The Journal of History
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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