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|Other Titles:||The Correlation among Variable Wages of Shanghai Labors and Number of Rice Purchasing Power during the Period of Civil War (1945-1948)|
cost living index of labor;rice price;wage of worker;wage of civil servant;rice purchasing power
|Issue Date:||2016-06-02 16:23:59 (UTC+8)|
During the period of civil war between the National Government and the Communists, the central government authorized local governments to publicize the cost living index of labor periodically as a basis for labor wage adjustment. This was intended to act as a response to the high inflation arising from the war. The Shanghai City Government began publicizing this index in September 1945 and announced the index twice in January 1946. However, people had doubts about the fairness of this system. By comparing the index with the price of rice, it was clear that the average rise of the labor living index was greater than the rise in the price of rice. However, the cost living index of labor greatly fell behind the increase of the rice price and resulted in decreasing the purchasing power of rice from February 1946. This proved that the city government had forced down the cost living index of labor. The officers of the central government Chen Li-Fu (陳立夫) and Gu Cheng-Gang (谷正綱) also admitted using the index to lower the wages for laborers. From analysis of the Social Department survey on the wages of Shanghai workers, almost 1/3 of workers earning minimum wage had been living in poverty since December 1946. Until August 1948, almost 90% of experienced technical workers could not maintain an normal lifestyle. Apparently, the labor living index was not an appropriate tool for wage adjustment. In addition, with the wage of workers being brought down by new policies, the rise in salaries based on the cost living index of labors could no longer maintain the basic living requirements. This resulted in disputes between employers and laborers which caused unease in the society, and ultimately had an adverse effect on the governance of local government.
|Relation:||政治大學歷史學報, 38, 137-194|
The Journal of History
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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