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Title: 漢初侯國與《二年律令.秩律》的空間分布
Other Titles: The Feudal States and the Temporal and Spatial Relationship between Han Legal Text at Chang-Chia-Shan Two Year Regulations in early Han
Authors: 鄭宗賢
Cheng, Chung-hsien
Keywords: 侯國;《二年律令.秩律》;;
feudal state;the Han Legal Text at Chang-Chia-Shan Two Year Regulations;county;township
Date: 2013-11
Issue Date: 2016-06-02 16:25:28 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文整理高帝6年至呂后2年(201-187 B.C.)期間,先後設置的157侯國總況。同時侯國的初封戶數多寡,間接說明了封地大小;所以《二年律令.秩律》轄縣與18侯國同名或《二年律令.秩律》不書寫的11處廢侯地,不能直接將縣等同侯國。尚有可能是侯國僅為鄉之規模,或是縣與侯國俱存、廢侯後無法立縣。分析侯國與《二年律令.秩律》轄縣的空間分布,侯國集中在黃淮平原到山西南部,中央轄縣則群聚於陝西、甘肅、四川省與重慶市,還有河南、山西、湖北省西部,形成東西分立的趨勢。因此司馬遷敘述侯國「頗食邑其中」,在侯國不設於五關以西的前提下,便能斷定是「中央直轄關外郡到王國群之間」之意。
This article compiles the overall conditions of the 157 feudal states that were established and abolished in 201-187 B.C. At the same time, the initial household numbers of feudal states indirectly explain the territory sizes; thus when the jurisdiction counties under Han Legal Text at Chang-Chia-Shan Two Year Regulations and 18 feudal states have the same names, or when Han Legal Text at Chang-Chia-Shan Two Year Regulations left out the 11 abolished feudal lands, the counties cannot be directly seen as feudal states. It is necessary to consider that the feudal states were only at the township level, and there was the possibility that counties and feudal states coexisted, and after the feudal areas were abolished, a county could not be established. Analysis of the spatial distribution between feudal state and Han Legal Text at Chang-Chia-Shan Two Year Regulations counties shows that feudal states were concentrated from the Huanghuai Plains to southern Shanxi, while the centrally administered counties were clustered in Xialongchuan to the Sili area in mid-Western Han, forming a division between east and west. Thus, when Sima Qian describes feudal state “can take from the villages.” Under the premise that feudal states are not established west of the five passes, it can be determined that this meant “from the districts outside the passes that are centrally administered to the kingdom clusters.”
Relation: 政治大學歷史學報, 40, 1-30
The Journal of History
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文

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