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|Other Titles:||Suzerainty vs. Independence: An Observation of Korea’s Imo Incident Based on the World Order Principle|
|Issue Date:||2016-06-02 16:25:42 (UTC+8)|
This study examines the Imo Incident that occurred in the capital of Korea in 1882 from the perspective of the world order principle. The author delivers discourse and arguments on the world order principle by examining the stances of Korea, China and Japan on the suzerainty versus independence of the Korean dynasty in the Imo Incident. Due to the tributary system as part of the Chinese world order principle, China insisted on sending troops to protect Korea to continue the suzerainty relationship between China and Korea. According to international law, Japan, on the other hand, claimed an equal relationship between Japan and Korea based on the Korea-Japan Friendship Treaty. As for Korea, the “moderate gaehwapa” (the Enlightenment Party) asserted that Korea should reform and pursue self-reliance while maintaining a suzerain relationship with China, but the progress party stated that Korea should turn to Japan to remove the suzerainty relationship. Consequently, China and Japan both dispatched troops to Korea, and Ma Jian-jhong eventually arrested the daewongun and settled the Imo Incident in the name of the tributary system. Theoretically, this dispute on the world order theory was triggered by the eastern-western world order principle founded on the non-ruling governance theory and the effective governance theory.
|Relation:||政治大學歷史學報, 40, 31-74|
The Journal of History
|Appears in Collections:||[The Journal of History, NCCU] Articles|
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