Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/97396


Title: 金代流外職及其人員資格
Other Titles: The Positions and Personnel of Liu-wai in the Jin Dynasty
Authors: 陳昭揚
Chen, Chao-yang
Keywords: 金代;流外;品秩;散官;出身
Jin dynasty;Liu-wai;rank;San-guan;Chu-shen
Date: 2014-05
Issue Date: 2016-06-02 16:46:20 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文將整理金代流外職及其任職人員資格的相關規範,並得出下列三點結論。第一,金朝設置了大量的有品流外職,於是職務的流內、流外屬性判別標準已非品秩有無,而是官吏之別,凡為吏職者,即便有品,仍屬流外。第二,金代流外職人員的資格與職務屬性間的對位關係頗為複雜,有品流外職乃是專任「品官」,至於無品流外職,部分的高階職務將制度性地以「品官」充任,並對初任的無散官人員設定散官授予辦法。第三,原在北宋本為分類官員身份的「有出身」、「無出身」資格,在金代將轉為分類中央吏員或宮中承應人能否出職的身份資格,此時金朝將擁有大量的「有出身」、帶散官的未出職人。
This article mainly discusses the Liu-wai (流外) in the Jin Dynasty. Beginning in the Sui period, the positions and personnel of the government were sorted by a sequence. The positions and personnel were divided into two classes: Liu-nei (流內) and Liuwai. The positions and personnel of the Liu-nei were graded into a nine-ranked (Jiu-pin, 九品) system, and Liu-nei personnel were ranked officials (品官). Compared with the Liu-nei, for the most part, none of the Liu-wai positions had their own ranks, and almost all of the Liu-wai personnel were not ranked officials. Lastly, the classes and the positions of appointees were constantly aligned, so the Liu-nei personnel would never be assigned to the Liu-wai posts. But during the Jin period, the regulations of the class system were different. First, there were many Liu-wai positions that had their own rank, and the boundary between the Liu-nei and Liu-wai was not ranked and non-ranked. Second, many ranked-officials were assigned to the ranked or the high level non-ranked Liuwai positions institutionally, and the Jin court would grant the appointees of the high level non-ranked Li-wai positions the qualification of You-chu-shen (有出身), which was originally an official qualification in the Sung dynasty.
Relation: 政治大學歷史學報, 41, 1-42
The Journal of History
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
41-1.pdf1028KbAdobe PDF300View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing