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|Other Titles:||The Positions and Personnel of Liu-wai in the Jin Dynasty|
|Issue Date:||2016-06-02 16:46:20 (UTC+8)|
This article mainly discusses the Liu-wai (流外) in the Jin Dynasty. Beginning in the Sui period, the positions and personnel of the government were sorted by a sequence. The positions and personnel were divided into two classes: Liu-nei (流內) and Liuwai. The positions and personnel of the Liu-nei were graded into a nine-ranked (Jiu-pin, 九品) system, and Liu-nei personnel were ranked officials (品官). Compared with the Liu-nei, for the most part, none of the Liu-wai positions had their own ranks, and almost all of the Liu-wai personnel were not ranked officials. Lastly, the classes and the positions of appointees were constantly aligned, so the Liu-nei personnel would never be assigned to the Liu-wai posts. But during the Jin period, the regulations of the class system were different. First, there were many Liu-wai positions that had their own rank, and the boundary between the Liu-nei and Liu-wai was not ranked and non-ranked. Second, many ranked-officials were assigned to the ranked or the high level non-ranked Liuwai positions institutionally, and the Jin court would grant the appointees of the high level non-ranked Li-wai positions the qualification of You-chu-shen (有出身), which was originally an official qualification in the Sung dynasty.
|Relation:||政治大學歷史學報, 41, 1-42|
The Journal of History
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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