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|Other Titles:||Economic Disputes:The Sino-Japan Enterprise Company’s Mining Investment in China|
The Sino-Japan Enterprise Company;Mitsui;Sun Yat-sen;Zaibatsu;China;Japan
|Issue Date:||2016-06-02 16:49:40 (UTC+8)|
The Sino-Japan Enterprise Company was a subsidiary of Mitsui Zaibatsu and established in 1911. After the establishment of the Republic of China, in March 1913, Mitsui and Sun Yat-sen agreed to form a joint venture. It was named the Sino-Japan Enterprise in August. Dr. Sun was chairman of the board; major shareholders included Matsui, Mitsubishi, and the Sumitomo Group. It was also qualified as a legal person to operate in China. The company survived more than thirty years through times of Chinese political upheaval and the Sino-Japanese War. Sino-Japan Enterprise was an investment company. It provided loans, totaling up to 60 million yuan, primarily in the industries of information, electric goods, and mining. To date, scholarship on Japanese loans to China has primarily focused on the Nishihara Loans and iron manufacturing (the Hanyangping Iron Co.). This research emphasized Japan’s international strategic interests instead of the development of civilian-run enterprises. We can learn more about the latter through the Sino-Japan Enterprise Co., a civilian-run enterprise that represented the joint investments of zaibatsu (business conglomerates); its investment decisions were subject to less political inference. The article made full use of the archives at the Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, Japanese Foreign Ministry records, Mitsui Library, and archives in Mainland China, to investigate the activities of the Sino-Japan Enterprise Co. and examine how it competed against and cooperated with the South Manchuria Railway Company.
|Relation:||政治大學歷史學報, 44, 83-131|
The Journal of History
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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