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Title: 邊際勞工基本工資保障程度之研究:1978至2003年的變遷
Other Titles: A Study on the Protection of Basic Wages Regulation in Taiwan: The Changes between 1978 and 2003
Authors: 曾敏傑;楊家裕
Tseng, Min-Chieh;Yang, Chia-Yu
Keywords: 基本工資;最低工資;勞工政策;社會變遷
basic wages;minimum wages;labor policy;social change
Date: 2004-07
Issue Date: 2016-06-07 15:39:00 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文主要在回顧基本工資之立法、基本工資水準的國際比較、及檢視基本工資與其他社經指標歷年的變遷趨勢,以瞭解基本工資在邊際勞工保障程度上的變遷。研究發現:泝我國基本工資的法律位階不斷低化,其保障內涵也漸由勞工「家戶」生活維持轉變成「個人」生活保障。沴我國二一年基本工資折算約為520歐元,與歐盟主要國家相較,僅較葡萄牙的390歐元為高;其佔製造業平均薪資的比率為41.1%,相對也較歐盟主要國家為低。沊經以一九七八至二三年官方二手統計資料,比較基本工資與製造業平均月薪、物價指數、最低生活費用、平均國民所得、及五等份家戶平均個人消費支出等指標後發現,我國基本工資對於邊際勞工的保障程度有逐漸降低的趨勢,特別是在一九九七年以後因基本工資未做調整而更形惡化。例如二三年基本工資佔製造業平均薪資已降至40.02%,在歷年中約僅較一九七九至一九八二年期為高;一九九七年起因基本工資不再調整,導致實質基本工資的購買力已不增反減;基本工資對邊際勞工保障程度之成長速率,自一九八八年起已落後於臺北市與台灣省之最低生活費用對低收入家戶的保障程度;一九八七年起基本工資的成長速率也已低於平均國民所得;歷年基本工資水準尚能保障勞工「個人」基本生活,然而卻不足以保障勞工的「家庭」基本生活支出。
The major purposes of this study are to review the development of legislation on basic wages in Taiwan, to compare the levels of minimum wages between Taiwan and the major EU countries, and to examine the growth rates between basic wages and the other major socio-economic indicators during the periods of 1978-2003, such as monthly wages in the manufacturing, consumer price index, level of poverty line, per capita national income, and average individual consumption of households. The findings indicates that: 1) the original content protected by the legislation on basic wages has switched from the labor’s “household expenditure” into “individual expenditure;” 2) the level of Taiwan basic wage is generally lower than those of the major EU countries in 2001, except Portugal; 3) the growth rates of basic wages are also lower than those of socio-economic indicators during the periods of 1978-2003. It reveals that the degree of protection on basic wages regulation in Taiwan has decreased, especially due to the unadjusted basic wages since 1997. In addition, though the amount of basic wages in each year is enough to cover labor’s individual minimum consumptions, it still cannot cover the labor’s household consumption anytime.
Relation: 政大勞動學報,16,1-56
Bulletin of Labour Research
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[ 政大勞動學報] 期刊論文

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