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|Other Titles:||Implications of Great Power Rivalries on Regionalism in East Asia|
East Asia;regionalism;rivalry;USA-China-Japan relations;ASEAN;regional security
|Issue Date:||2016-06-08 11:44:45 (UTC+8)|
The development of regionalism in East Asia has speeded up in post-Cold War era. Nevertheless, it is limited by the legacy of political rivalry among the great regional powers. This paper intends to examine causality between such rivalries and regionalism by focusing on USA-China-Japan interactions and ASEAN’s response, in order to explain why and how does rivalries affect the prospects for regionalism. First, the development of effective regional institutionalism is precluded by ideological differences, security tensions, mutual suspicion and geopolitical competition between the three powers. These rivalries have been exacerbated by American unilateralism, China’s radical emergence, and Japan’s redirection for a more prominent international role. Second, tension and competition between three powers, by contrast, does not mean that the region can be divided into their spheres of influence. Conversely, it has created a resurgence in the efficacy and appeal of regional institutions. As the ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asian Summit processes grow, the ASEAN states’ bargaining power in dealing with great powers is greatly enhanced within their collaborative institutions. Intriguingly, third, the ASEAN states may work competitive pressures to their own advantage by overriding their cooperative inclinations. ASEAN has proven to be durable, but never been able to risk pushing its members in choosing between institutional effectiveness and individual state interest. Finally, any further differences in how three great powers conduct their foreign strategies will cause intra- regional cooperation to converge or diverge as time progresses.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen Graduate Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies
|Appears in Collections:||[中山人文社會科學期刊] 期刊論文|
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