Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/98676


Title: 結合繪本與批判性思考於臺灣高中英語教學: 以桃園市某公立高中為例
Combining Picture Books with Critical Thinking in a High School EFL Classroom in Taiwan: A Case Study of a Municipal Senior High School in Taoyuan City
Authors: 沈郁汝
Shen, Yu Ju
Contributors: 葉潔宇
Yeh, Chieh Yue
沈郁汝
Shen, Yu Ju
Keywords: 批判性思考
繪本
策略
以英語外語
critical thinking
picture book
strategies
EFL
Date: 2016
Issue Date: 2016-07-01 16:05:30 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究旨在探討教學者以及學習者對使用繪本學習批判性思考能力的想法,並且了解學生使用Law於2012年提出的六個策略 學習批判性思考能力後有何看法。此外,本研究也整理教學以及學習過程中遇到的困難,同時間提出如何調整教案以解決問題。
本研究採用質性個案研究。研究對象為某高中二年級的四十四位學生。這些學生為研究者某一任教班級。他們透過兩本繪本進行為期八週的批判性思考課程。本課程的核心為四項能力:(1) 能把各類訊息加以比較、歸類、排序、(2) 能根據上下語境釐清不同訊息間的因果關係、(3) 能分辨客觀事實與主觀意見和(4) 能評估不同資訊,提出合理的判斷或建議。研究者透過課室錄影觀察、學習單、學習/教學日誌和焦點團體訪談等蒐集資料。
研究結果顯示繪本教學不僅能夠提升學生的批判性思考和英文能力,還可以維持他們強烈的學習動機。此外,雖然繪本中的圖片造成學生一些理解上的問題,教師還是可以利用多元感官教學方式以及有目的性的引導學生來解決困難。另外,Law於2012年提出的六項策略也大大地幫助學生學習批判性思考能力。然而,在使用這六項策略時,老師必須注意給予充足的待答時間,加入學生小組討論,並選用貼近生活以及適合學生程度的繪本。最後,本研究發現互動式朗讀和提問作者法也能幫助高中學生發展批判性思考能力。
本研究顯示遵照台灣普通高級中學英文科98課綱,教師可以將批判性思考納入繪本閱讀課程中,並創造一個良好的學習環境,培養學生成為有素養的公民。此外,本研究亦提供教師教學現場以及未來研究方向之建議。
This study aims to examine how the teacher and students respond to cultivating critical thinking skills through picture books and to the six strategies suggested by Law (2012). Besides, it also explores what problems occur in the teaching/learning process and how to adjust the lessons to solve the problems.
This study adopted a qualitative case study design. The participants were forty-four eleventh graders in one class taught by the teacher researcher. They learned critical thinking through two picture books in an eight-week study. The foci of the teaching were the four critical thinking skills, namely, (1) being able to compare, classify and sequence various information, (2) being able to identify the causal relationship between information based on the context, (3) being able to distinguish facts from opinions and then one advanced ability, and (4) being able to assess different pieces of information and propose reasonable judgments or suggestions. The students’ and the teacher researcher’s responses were collected from video-taped classroom observations, worksheets, learning/teaching logs, and focus group interviews.
The important findings are listed as follows. First, picture books were helpful in the enhancement of critical thinking skills, the improvement of English skills and a high level of learning motivation. Second, the nature of illustrations in picture books resulted in some comprehension problems, which could be solved through a multi-sensory approach and teachers’ purposeful guidance. Third, the six strategies recommended by Law (2012) assisted the students a lot in promoting critical thinking skills. It is noted that when implementing these six strategies, the teacher were advised to give sufficient wait time for students, join students’ discussion, and select picture books with real-life themes and suitable difficulty levels. Fourth, interactive read-alouds and questioning the author were also proved to be useful strategies for high school students to develop their critical thinking through picture books.
This study suggests that following the 2010 New Guidelines of English Curriculum in Taiwan, teachers can integrate critical thinking skills into picture book reading and create a good learning environment for students to become productive citizens. Pedagogical implications and suggestions for future studies were presented as well.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
英語教學碩士在職專班
102951002
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102951002
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[英語教學碩士在職專班] 學位論文

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