Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/98686


Title: 實習諮商心理師的工作壓力、自我照顧重視知覺與自我照顧行為之關係
The relationship among work-stress, perception of self-care emphasis, and self-care behavior in counseling trainees.
Authors: 洪育志
Hung, Yu Chih
Contributors: 修慧蘭
Hsiu, Hui Lan
洪育志
Hung, Yu Chih
Keywords: 實習諮商心理師
工作壓力
自我照顧重視知覺
自我照顧行為
counseling interns
work-stress
perception of self-care emphasis
self-care behaviors
Date: 2015
Issue Date: 2016-07-01 16:09:18 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究主要目的為探討實習諮商心理師的工作壓力、自我照顧重視知覺及自我照顧行為之間的關係。諮商心理師是個工作壓力特殊的行業,需要自我照顧來調節自己的工作壓力及維持專業服務的品質,而實習生是此工作的新手,對於其自我照顧狀態更需被關注。然而國外文獻中指出心理師有自我照顧不足的趨勢,在這樣的長期工作壓力及照顧不足的狀況下,容易令其陷入耗竭、同理疲乏等損傷的狀況。研究者認為若要增加諮商心理師的自我照顧能力或行為,在學習階段將自我照顧的概念或行為放入教育單位或實習單位的訓練中,讓實習諮商心理師知覺到其對自我照顧是重視的,應有助於諮商心理師執行自我照顧行為,此種知覺重視度的概念,稱為自我照顧重視知覺。然而國外的研究報告指出教育單位或實習單位並沒有積極提供自我照顧的相關課程或訓練,國內亦沒有探討實習諮商心理師知覺教育訓練單位對於自我照顧重視度的研究,且有關實習生的自我照顧研究亦不多,因此本研究欲探討此主題。研究者以問卷調查方式收集國內143位全職實習諮商心理師的資料,進一步以差異分析、相關分析及階層迴歸分析等統計方法來了解其現況及工作壓力、自我照顧重視知覺及自我照顧行為三者間的變項關係。
本研究結果指出:1.實習諮商心理師在實習期間有低程度的工作壓力,其中較高的是「專業角色壓力」以及「與督導有關的壓力」,而自我照顧重視知覺及自我照顧行為也皆為中等程度。2.實習於大專院校的實習諮商心理師,工作壓力顯著高於在高中/職及醫療院所實習的實習諮商心理師;另外大學畢業於心理相關科系及非相關科系的實習諮商心理師,其工作壓力顯著高於大學畢業於心理諮商本科系的實習諮商心理師。3.實習諮商心理師的工作壓力與自我照顧重視知覺之間達顯著低度負相關,工作壓力與自我照顧行為達顯著低度負相關,自我照顧重視知覺與自我照顧行為達顯著中度正相關。4.工作壓力在自我照顧重視知覺與自我照顧行為關係中具調節效果。研究者根據上述研究結果進行討論並對實務及未來研究提出建議。
This study examined the relation between work-stress, perceptions of self-care emphasis, and self-care behavior among a convenience sample of 143 counseling psychology graduate students. Specifically, this study proposed that there would be a relation between graduate trainee’s perceptions of self-care emphasis and graduate trainee’s self-care behavior and that this relation would be modified by work-stress of the graduate trainee. A non-experimental designed examined the linear relations among the 3 variables, which were assessed by two measures modified by the authors (work-stress scale of陳俊任 (2012) and perceptions of self-care emphasis questionnaire of Goncher, Sherman, Barnett, & Haskins (2013)) and the self-care behavior scale of張吟慈 (2008).
Results of this study showed that (1) graduate trainees had low level work-stress , moderate level perception of self-care emphasis , and moderate level self-care behaviors during internship , (2) The work-stress of graduate trainee intern in colleges is greater than in high school and in the hospital, and the work-stress of graduate trainees graduated from the department of non-psychology is greater than from the department of psychology , (3) there was a low level significant negative relation between work-stress and perceptions of self-care emphasis positive, a low level significant negative relation between work-stress and self-care behaviors, and a moderate level significant positive relation between perceptions of self-care emphasis and self-care behaviors, (4) The test for modification as outlined by Baron and Kenny (1986) demonstrated support by the survey data as perceptions of self-care emphasis was a positive predictor of self-care behaviors and that this relation was modified by work-stress. Implications for training programs are addressed, and recommendations for individual and systemic changes to promote a culture of self-care within graduate training in professional psychology are provided that should be helpful for promoting enhanced self-care behavior among psychology graduate students.
Reference: 中文部份
王正華、陳寬裕(2011)。論文統計分析實務: Spss 與 amos 的運用:五南出版社。
王韋翔(2012)。全職實習諮商心理師實習環境品質與專業認同之相關研究。未出版之論文,臺北市立教育大學心理與諮商學系碩士班,台北市。
王婉玲(2007)。國中輔導人員角色壓力、輔導自我效能與職業倦怠之關係研究。未出版之論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系,台北市。
王璟璇、王瑞霞、林秋菊(1998)。門診診斷初期非胰島素依賴型糖尿病患者的自我照顧行為及其相關因素之探討。護理雜誌,45(2),60-74。
王嘉琪(2009)。大學生憂鬱情緒、自尊、污名化、自我揭露與求助態度之關係。未出版之論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系,台北市。
杜友蘭(1998)。護理的質性與量性研究-哪一類研究比較重要?。護理雜誌,45(2),75-78。
李立良(2010)。高雄地區職工工作壓力與休閒調適之研究。文化體育學刊(11),47-61。
李佳怡(2000)。知覺組織支持對員工工作態度影響之研究。未出版之論文,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所,高雄市。
李佳儒(2005)。小樹之歌~諮商學習者在專業實習中心路歷程之敘說研究。未出版之論文,國立台北師範學院教育心理與輔導學系碩士班,台北市。
李素玲(2008)。諮商心理師自我照顧經驗之敘說研究。未出版之論文,國立臺南大學教育學系諮商與輔導學系碩士班,台南市。
吳盛、林東清(2007)。以計畫行為理論探討資訊人員的知識分享行為:資訊管理學報,14(2),75-110。
吳統雄(1985)。態度與行為研究的信度與效度: 理論,應用,反省。民意學術專刊,夏季號,25-53。
吳雅慧(2006)。碩士層級諮商新手於全職實習的諮商困境與因應。未出版之論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系,台北市。
余潔琦(2013)。馬來西亞獨立中學輔導教師的自我照顧經驗研究。未出版之論文,國立彰化師範大學輔導與諮商學系所,彰化縣。
巫靜怡、林麗娟(2008)。瑜珈運動對身心減壓的效益。中華體育季刊,22(1),47-54。
邱皓政(2006)。量化研究與統計分析:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
邱雯瑛(2015)。工作壓力與教師主觀幸福感關係之研究-以組織支持為調節變項、情緒勞務為中介變項。未出版之論文,國立臺南大學教育學系教育經營與管理碩博士班,台南市。
邱瑜婷(2010)。國際觀光旅館餐飲部門組織正義、員工創新行為與績效表現之相關研究—以組織支持為干擾變項。未出版之論文,輔仁大學餐旅管理學系碩士班,新北市。
屈蓮、李惠玲、何瓊芳、嚴惠宇、羅筱芬、呂莉婷 等(2011)。護理學導論:新文京開發。
林宋黛(2010)。諮商學習者在諮商學習困境之調適歷程。未出版之論文,國立臺南大學諮商與輔導學系碩士班,台南市。
林東清、孫培真、徐景智(2000)。影響資訊系統使用者抗拒行為之原因: 以計劃行為理論為基礎之整合研究。資訊管理研究,2(2),1-26。
林宗鴻(1996)。壓力與壓力的處理。中華民國航空醫學會刊,10(2),35-38。
林家興(2014)。臺灣諮商心理師執業現況與執業意見之調查研究。教育心理學報,45(3)。
林惠彥、陸洛、吳珮瑀、吳婉瑜(2012)。快樂的員工更有生產力嗎?組織支持與工作態度之雙重影響。中華心理學刊,54(4),451-469。
邱美珊、黃冠翰、吳典龍(2009)。準諮商心理師駐地實習之困境與成長。台灣心理諮商季刊,1(4),45-54。
邱啓潤、王秀紅(1987)。老年人自我照顧能力及其相關因素之探討。The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences,3(2),69-78。
林碧芳,邱皓政(2008)。創意教學自我效能感量表之編製與相關研究。教育研究與發展期刊,4(1),141-169。
許順旺、張姮燕、吳柏郁(2012)。國際觀光旅館員工知覺壓力與工作角色表現之相關研究-以組織支持為干擾變項。企業管理學報(93),77-101。
胡峯鳳(2007)。大專院校諮商師替代性創傷、自我照顧及組織脈絡之相關研究。未出版之論文,國立暨南國際大學輔導與諮商研究所,南投縣。
高曉寧(2009)。一個諮商心理師以芳香療法調適壓力的經驗。未出版之論文,中國文化大學心理輔導研究所,台北市。
高鳳霞、鄭伯壎(2014)。職場工作壓力:回顧與展望。人力資源管理學報,14(1),77-101。
張元祐(2013)。全職實習諮商心理師運用心理位移面對實習壓力之經驗與影響研究。未出版之論文,中國文化大學心理輔導學系,台北市。
張文賢(2007)。國中電腦教師工作壓力與因應策略。中等教育,58(2),52-79。
張吟慈(2008)。實習心理師的心智負荷、自我照顧與身心健康之相關研究。未出版之論文,國立臺灣師範大學。
張志銘、王于寧、詹正豐(2007)。主觀規範之重要他人對休閒運動行爲影響。運動與遊憩研究,2(2),26-40。
莊坤祥(2007)。高中學生化學實驗室危害風險知覺對其安全行為影響之探討-以安全態度為中介變項,南台科技大學技職教育與人力資源發展研究所碩士班,台南市。
張良漢(2006)。金融從業人員工作壓力、休閒調適及身心健康狀況之研究。Asian Journal of Management and Humanity Sciences,1(1),161-174。
許韶玲、劉淑瑩(2008)。實習諮商心理師駐地實習經驗之內涵。教育心理學報,40(1),63-83。
張錚如(2010)。臨床心理師的工作壓力、專業認同及對心理健康、離職意圖及轉業意圖之影響。未出版之論文,中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班,台中市。
梁榮達(2002)。超媒體電腦中介環境下消費者涉入及人機互動對特定廣告態度之影響。未出版之論文,國立高雄第一科技大學行銷與流通管理所,高雄市。
郭生玉(1990)。工作壓力與專業態度對教師工作心厭高低之區別功能研究。教育心理學報(23),71-97。
陳文臻(2012)。新手諮商心理師面對當事人抗拒經驗與自我照顧經驗之研究。未出版之論文,國立臺南大學諮商與輔導學系碩士班,台南市。
陳有成(2014)。知覺組織支持在工作壓力與工作生活平衡關係上的干擾效果-以光電產業人員為例。未出版之論文,崑山科技大學企業管理研究所,台南市。
陳安妮(2010)。高中教師休閒運動態度與生活壓力關係之研究-以台南市高中教師為例。運動知識學報(7),73-83。
陳志成、俞柏志、王毓鼎、柯佩岑(2007)。淡水地區大學學生休閒運動態度與生活壓力關係之研究。淡江體育(10),115-126。
陳汯諄(2008)。心理師解釋形態、角色壓力與職業倦怠之相關研究。未出版之論文,高雄師範大學輔導與諮商研究所,高雄市。
陳宜伶(2012)。新手諮商心理師之工作適應歷程研究。未出版之論文,國立臺南大學諮商與輔導學系碩士班,台南市。
陳佳琪(2012)。紙盤遊戲團體方案對氣喘病童之自我照顧效果研究。未出版之論文,高雄師範大學輔導與諮商研究所,高雄市。
陳佳琳(2011)。全職實習諮商心理師自我照顧、幸福感與生涯承諾之調查研究。未出版之論文,臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系。
陳俊任(2012)。大學校院諮商心理師工作壓力、因應策略與工作耗竭之關係。未出版之論文,國立臺中教育大學諮商與應用心理學系碩士班,台中市。
陳彥名(2007)。諮商師常見的困境、調適方式與尋求諮商的態度。諮商與輔導(263),25-29。
陳建隆(2005)。知覺組織支持、組織忠誠與工作倦怠關係之研究—以國內銀行為例。未出版之論文,真理大學管理科學研究所,新北市。
陳素月、許淑蓮、王東衡、黃明賢(2009)。成人氣喘病患自我效能及自我照顧行為之探討(Self-Efficacy and Self-Care Behaviors in Adult Patients with Asthma)(5冊):台灣護理學會。
陳紹綿、高筱婷、陳建和(2009)。工作壓力、休閒因應與健康之研究-以台北市高中女性教師為例。旅遊健康學刊,8(1),37-55。
陳愉雅(2009)。諮商心理師五大人格、壓力因應策略與專業耗竭之相關研究。未出版之論文,國立嘉義大學輔導與諮商學系研究所,嘉義市。
陳愉雅、張高賓(2012)。諮商心理師五大人格特質、壓力因應策略與專業耗竭之相關研究。家庭教育與諮商學刊(13),1-23。
陳滋茨、張媚、林豔君(1998)。自我效能、社會支持與糖尿病病人居家自我照顧行為相關之探討(The Relationship between Self-Efficacy, Social Support and Self-Care Behaviors in Diabetes Mellitus Patients)(6冊):台灣護理學會。
陳麗雲(2006)。非相關科系學生進入心輔所生涯轉換歷程之研究。未出版之論文,中國文化大學心理輔導研究所,台北市。
黃佩娟、林家興、張吟慈(2010)。諮商心理師全職實習現況之調查研究。教育心理學報,42(1),123-142。
黃孟寅(2011)。諮商心理師專業耗竭與自我照顧之相關研究。未出版之論文,國立暨南國際大學輔導與諮商研究所,南投縣。
黃雅玲(2015)。工作壓力對離職傾向之影響-知覺組織支持之調節效果。未出版之論文,靜宜大學管理碩士在職專班,台中市。
黃意雯(2007)。諮商學習者人際知覺與學習困境及其轉化之敘說探究。未出版之論文,國立屏東教育大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士班,屏東縣。
黃寶園(2009)。工作壓力對工作滿足、職業倦怠影響之研究:統合分析取向。教育心理學報,40(3),439-461。
楊明仁、何啟功、蘇以青、楊美賞(1997)。工作壓力、社會支持與心理健康:以重工業工廠男性作業員公為例。The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences,13(6),332-341。
葉子明、楊健炘、白凢芸(2011)。彰化縣國小教師工作壓力、壓力因應方式與職業倦怠之關係研究。工作與休閒學刊,2(2),125-137。
葉建君(2009)。資深諮商心理師自我照顧經驗之探討-從全人健康觀點。未出版之論文,國立暨南國際大學輔導與諮商研究所,南投縣。
董華欣(1993)。影響大學生尋求專業心理輔導意願之因素探討。未出版之論文,國立政治大學教育研究所,台北市。
劉芳綺(2011)。國中輔導教師人格特質、自我照顧與專業承諾之相關研究。未出版之論文,國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系碩士班,台北市。
劉惠瑚、陳玉敏(2004)。自我照顧之概念分析。慈濟護理雜誌,3(1),8-13。
蔡佩珊(2011)。台灣地區心理師之工作壓力與健康生活品質之關係。未出版之論文,中原大學心理學研究所,桃園縣。
蔡嘉偉(2012)。大專校院資源教室輔導人員工作價值觀、自我照顧與工作滿意度之相關研究。未出版之論文,國立嘉義大學輔導與諮商學系研究所,嘉義市。
賴玉珊(2008)。影響新手諮商心理師專業認同的關鍵事件之分析研究。未出版之論文,國立臺南大學諮商與輔導學研究所,台市。
謝秀芳(2002)。質性研究。雲科大體育(5),45-53。
謝玉琴、劉麗芳、張秉宜(2007)。Orem自我照顧缺失理論-以人工膝關節置換術病人為議題之討論。光田醫學雜誌,2(1),13-20。
鄭麗娟(2005)。台灣東部某區域醫院加護單位護理人員工作壓力和調適行為之研究。未出版之論文,慈濟大學護理學研究所。
藍珮瑄(2009)。全職實習諮商心理師成就動機、自我照顧與全職實習經驗滿意度之研究。未出版之論文,國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系碩士班,台北市。
蘇文碩(2002)。躁鬱症患者的人格特質與其自我照顧能力,生活適應關係之研究 ─ 以中山醫學大學附設醫院樣本為例。未出版之論文,中原大學心理學研究所,桃園縣。
Corey, G(2005)。諮商與心理治療: 理論與實務:雙葉書廊出版。
Corey, G., Callanan, P., & Corey, M. S. (2013). 專業助人工作倫理: 新加坡商聖智學習.
Gerrig, R. J., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2004). 心理學: 五南圖書出版股份有限公司.


英文部份
Ahmad, & Wu, S.-F. V. (2012). Self-efficacy and self-care behavior of Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross sectional survey. Nursing & Health Sciences, 14(1), 38-45. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00658.x
Aljasem, L. I., Peyrot, M., Wissow, L., & Rubin, R. R. (2001). The Impact of Barriers and Self-Efficacy on Self-Care Behaviors in Type 2 Diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 27(3), 393-404. doi: 10.1177/014572170102700309
Ajzen, I. (1985). From intention to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In J. Kuhl & J. Beckman (Eds.), Action control: From cognition to behavior (pp.11-39). Berlin; New York: Springer-Verlag.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
Askenasy, J. J. M., & Lewin, I. (1996). The impact of missile warfare on self-reported sleep quality. Part 1. Sleep: Journal of Sleep Research & Sleep Medicine, 19(1), 47-51.
Baker, E. K. (2003). Caring for Ourselves: A Therapist’s Guide to Personal and Professional Well-Being. Washington: APA.
Barnett, J. E., Baker, E. K., Elman, N. S., & Schoener, G. R. (2007). In pursuit of wellness: The self-care imperative. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38(6), 603-612. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.38.6.603
Barnett, J. E., & Cooper, N. (2009). Creating a Culture of Self-Care. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 16(1), 16-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2850.2009.01138.x
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. [doi:10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173]. 51, 1173-1182. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1173
Bearse, J. L., McMinn, M. R., Seegobin, W., & Free, K. (2013). Barriers to psychologists seeking mental health care. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 44(3), 150-157. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0031182
BLEGEN, M. A. (1993). Nurses' Job Satisfaction: A Meta-Analysis Of Related Variables. Nursing Research, 42(1), 36-41.
Bräuninger, I. (2012a). Dance movement therapy group intervention in stress treatment: A randomized controlled trial (RCT). The Arts in Psychotherapy, 39(5), 443-450. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2012.07.002
Bräuninger, I. (2012b). The efficacy of dance movement therapy group on improvement of quality of life: A randomized controlled trial. [Article]. Arts in Psychotherapy, 39(4), 296-303. doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2012.03.008
Britt, D. E. (1997). Psychotherapist self-care.( Doctoral dissertation, The ennsylvania State University, 1997). Dissertation Abstracts International, 648.
Carmines, E. G., & Zeller, R. A. (1979). Reliability and Validity Assessment: SAGE Publications.
Chemtob, C. M., Bauer, G. B., Hamada, R. S., Pelowski, S. R., & Muraoka, M. Y. (1989). Patient suicide: Occupational hazard for psychologists and psychiatrists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20(5), 294-300. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.20.5.294
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2003). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Dawson, J. F., & Richter, A. W. (2006). Probing three-way interactions in moderated multiple regression: Development and application of a slope difference test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 917-926.
D'Souza, F., Egan, S. J., & Rees, C. S. (2011). The Relationship Between Perfectionism, Stress and Burnout in Clinical Psychologists. [Article]. Behaviour Change, 28(1), 17-28. doi: 10.1375/bech.28.1.17
Dearing, R. L., Maddux, J. E., & Tangney, J. P. (2005). Predictors of Psychological Help Seeking in Clinical and Counseling Psychology Graduate Students. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36(3), 323-329. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.36.3.323
Denyes, M. J., Orem, D. E., & Bekel, G. (2001). Self-Care: A Foundational Science. Nursing Science Quarterly, 14(1), 48-54. doi: 10.1177/089431840101400113
Deutsch, C. J. (1984). Self-reported sources of stress among psychotherapists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 15(6), 833-845. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.15.6.833
Driskell, J. E., & Salas, E. (2013). Stress and Human Performance: Taylor & Francis.
El-Ghoroury, N. H., Galper, D. I., Sawaqdeh, A., & Bufka, L. F. (2012). Stress, coping, and barriers to wellness among psychology graduate students. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 6(2), 122-134. doi: 10.1037/a0028768
Farber, N. K. (2000). Trainees' attitudes toward seeking psychotherapy scale: Development and validation of a research instrument (Vol. 37, pp. 341-353). US: Division of Psychotherapy (29), American Psychological Association.
Figley, C. R. (2002). Compassion Fatigue: Psychotherapists' Chronic Lack of Self Care[SUP 1]. [Article]. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 58(11), 1433-1441.
Fischer, E. H., & Farina, A. (1995). Attitudes toward seeking professional psychologial help: A shortened form and considerations for research. Journal of College Student Development, 36(4), 368-373.
Fischer, E. H., & Turner, J. I. (1970). Orientations to seeking professional help: Development and research utility of an attitude scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 35(1, Pt.1), 79-90. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0029636
Flanagan, N. A., & Flanagan, T. J. (2002). An analysis of the relationship between job satisfaction and job stress in correctional nurses. Research in Nursing & Health, 25(4), 282-294. doi: 10.1002/nur.10042
Folse, M. L., DaRosa, D. A., & Folse, R. (1985). The relationship between stress and attitudes toward leisure among first-year medical students. Academic Medicine, 60(8), 610-617.
Fouad, N. A., Grus, C. L., Hatcher, R. L., Kaslow, N. J., Hutchings, P. S., Madson, M. B., . . . Crossman, R. E. (2009). Competency benchmarks: A model for understanding and measuring competence in professional psychology across training levels. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 3(4, Suppl), S5-S26. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0015832
Gallegos, K. V., Bettinardi-Angres, K., & Talbott, G. D. (1990). The effect of physician impairment on the family. Maryland medical journal (Baltimore, Md. : 1985), 39(11), 1007-1011.
Goncher, I. D., Sherman, M. F., Barnett, J. E., & Haskins, D. (2013). Programmatic perceptions of self-care emphasis and quality of life among graduate trainees in clinical psychology: The mediational role of self-care utilization. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(1), 53-60. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0031501
Grady, K. L. (2008). Self-care and quality of life outcomes in heart failure patients. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 23(3), 285-292.
Granath, J., Ingvarsson, S., von Thiele, U., & Lundberg, U. (2006). Stress Management: A Randomized Study of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Yoga. [Article]. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 35(1), 3-10. doi: 10.1080/16506070500401292
Greason, P. B., & Cashwell, C. S. (2009). Mindfulness and Counseling Self-Efficacy: The Mediating Role of Attention and Empathy. [Article]. Counselor Education & Supervision, 49(1), 2-19.
Guy, J. D. (1987). The personal life of the psychotherapist: John Wiley & Sons.
Guy, J. D., Poelstra, P. L., & Stark, M. J. (1989). Personal distress and therapeutic effectiveness: National survey of psychologists practicing psychotherapy. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20(1), 48-50. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.20.1.48
Hellman, I. D., Morrison, T. L., & Abramowitz, S. I. (1987). Therapist experience and the stresses of psychotherapeutic work. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 24(2), 171-177. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0085701
Iacovides, A., Fountoulakis, K. N., Kaprinis, S., & Kaprinis, G. (2003). The relationship between job stress, burnout and clinical depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 75(3), 209-221. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-0327(02)00101-5
Jaarsma, T., Strömberg, A., Mårtensson, J., & Dracup, K. (2003). Development and testing of the European Heart Failure Self-Care Behaviour Scale. European Journal of Heart Failure, 5(3), 363-370. doi: 10.1016/s1388-9842(02)00253-2
Jain, V. K., Lall, R., McLaughlin, D. G., & Johnson, W. B. (1996). EFFECTS OF LOCUS OF CONTROL, OCCUPATIONAL STRESS, AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS ON JOB SATISFACTION AMONG NURSES. Psychological Reports, 78(3c), 1256-1258. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1996.78.3c.1256
Jamal, M., & Baba, V. V. (1992). Shiftwork and Department-Type Related to Job Stress, Work Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions: A Study of Nurses. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13(5), 449-464. doi: 10.2307/2488397
Jamaludin, H., Ahmad, H., Yusof, R., & Abdullah, S. (2009). The reliability and validity of Tennessee self concept scale (TSCS) instrument on residents of drug rehabilitation center. European Journal of Social Sciences, 10(3), 349-363.
Jussim, L. (1986). Self-fulfilling prophecies: A theoretical and integrative review.Psychological review,93(4), 429.
Kaslow, N. J., & Rice, D. G. (1985). Developmental stresses of psychology internship training: What training staff can do to help. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 16(2), 253-261. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.16.2.253
Kaslow, N. J., Grus, C. L., Campbell, L. F., Fouad, N. A., Hatcher, R. L., & Rodolfa, E. R. (2009). Competency Assessment Toolkit for professional psychology. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 3(4, Suppl), S27-S45. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0015833
Kottler, J. A. (2010). On Being a Therapist: Wiley.
Kramen-Kahn, B., & Hansen, N. D. (1998). Rafting the rapids: Occupational hazards, rewards, and coping strategies of psychotherapists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29(2), 130-134. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.29.2.130
Kraus, V. I. (2005). Relationship Between Self-Care and Compassion Satisfaction, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout Among Mental Health Professionals Working with Adolescent Sex Offenders. [Article]. Counseling & Clinical Psychology Journal, 2(2), 81-88.
Lehner, P., Seyed-Solorforough, M. M., O'Connor, M. F., Sak, S., & Mullin, T. (1997). Cognitive biases and time stress in team decision making. Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on, 27(5), 698-703. doi: 10.1109/3468.618269
Lev, E. L., & Owen, S. V. (1996). A measure of self-care self-efficacy. Research in Nursing & Health, 19(5), 421-429. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1098-240x(199610)19:5<421::aid-nur6>3.0.co;2-s
Levin, L. S. (1981). Self-care in health:potentials and pitfalls. World health forum, 2(2), 177-184.
Liao, H., Joshi, A., & Chuang, A. (2004). Sticking Out Like a Sore Thumb: Employee Dissimilarity and Deviance at Work. Personnel Psychology, 57(4), 969-1000.
Lipovsky, J. A. (1988). Internship year in clinical psychology training as a professional adolescence. Professional Psychology: Res
Livingston, P. M., White, V. M., Ugoni, A. M., & Borland, R. (2001). Knowledge, attitudes and self-care practices related to sun protection among secondary students in Australia. Health Education Research, 16(3), 269-278. doi: 10.1093/her/16.3.269
Lu, Y.-F. Y., & Wykle, M. (2007). Relationships Between Caregiver Stress and Self-Care Behaviors in Response to Symptoms. Clinical Nursing Research, 16(1), 29-43. doi: 10.1177/1054773806295238
MAHLER, H. Problems of medical affluence.WHO Chronicle, 31: 8 (1977).
Mahoney, M. J. (1997). Psychotherapists' personal problems and self-care patterns. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 28(1), 14-16. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.28.1.14
Moursund, J. (1993). The process of counseling and therapy(3 ed.). New Jersey: Prenticw-Hall, Inc
Munsey, C.(2006). Questions of balance: An APA survey finds a lack of attention to self-care among training programs. GradPSYCH, 4. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/gradpsych/2006/11/cover-balance.aspx
Myers, S. B., Sweeney, A. C., Popick, V., Wesley, K., Bordfeld, A., & Fingerhut, R. (2012). Self-care practices and perceived stress levels among psychology graduate students. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 6(1), 55-66. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0026534
Nicely, E. (2004, July). The Why and How of Therapist Self-Care. The San Francisco Psychologist, 3-5.
Norcross, J. C., & James D. Guy, J. (2007). Leaving It at the Office: A GUIDE TO PSYCHOTHERAPIST SELF-CARE: The Guilford Press.
O'Halloran, T. M., & Linton, J. M. (2000). Stress on the job: Self-care resources for counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 22(4), 354-364.
Orem, D. E. (1985). A CONCEPT OF SELF-CARE FOR THE REHABILITATION CLIENT. Rehabilitation Nursing, 10(3), 33-36. doi: 10.1002/j.2048-7940.1985.tb00428.x
Orem, D. E., Taylor, S. G., & Renpenning, K. M. L. (2001). Nursing: Concepts of Practice: Mosby.
Orem, D. E., & Vardiman, E. M. (1995). Orem's Nursing Theory and Positive Mental Health: Practical Considerations. Nursing Science Quarterly, 8(4), 165-173. doi: 10.1177/089431849500800407
Rhoades, L., & Eisenberger, R. (2002). Perceived Organizational Support: A Review of the Literature. [Article]. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4), 698-714.
Richards, K. C., Campenni, C. E., & Muse-Burke, J. L. (2010). Self-care and Well-being in Mental Health Professionals: The Mediating Effects of Self-awareness and Mindfulness. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 32(3), 247-264.
Richings, J. C., Khara, G. S., & McDowell, M. (1986). Suicide in young doctors. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 149(4), 475-478. doi: 10.1192/bjp.149.4.475
Rickwood, D., Deane, F. P., Wilson, C. J., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Young people's help-seeking for mental health problems. Advances in Mental Health, 4(3), 218-251. doi: 10.5172/jamh.4.3.218
Rockwell, J. M., & Riegel, B. (2001). Predictors of self-care in persons with heart failure. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 30(1), 18-25. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/mhl.2001.112503
Rodolfa, E. R., Kraft, W. A., & Reilley, R. R. (1988). Stressors of professionals and trainees at APA-approved counseling and VA medical center internship sites. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 19(1), 43-49. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.19.1.43
Rønnestad, M. H., & Skovholt, T. M. (2003). The journey of the counselor and therapist: Research findings and perspectives on professional development.Journal of career development, 30(1), 5-44.
Sanbonmatsu, D. M., & Fazio, R. H. (1990). The role of attitudes in memory-based decision making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(4), 614-622. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.59.4.614
Sang Min LeeSeong Ho ChoKissinger, D. N. T. (2010). A Typology of Burnout in Professional Counselors. [Article]. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(2), 131-138.
Schwarzer, R., & Hallum, S. (2008). Perceived Teacher Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Job Stress and Burnout: Mediation Analyses. [Article]. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 152-171. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00359.x
Schwebel, M., & Coster, J. (1998). Well-functioning in professional psychologists: As program heads see it. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 29(3), 284-292. doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.29.3.284
Shapiro, S. L., Astin, J. A., Bishop, S. R., & Cordova, M. (2005). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Health Care Professionals: Results From a Randomized Trial. International Journal of Stress Management, 12(2), 164-176. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.12.2.164
Skovholt, T. M., Grier, T. L., & Hanson, M. R. (2001). Career Counseling for Longevity: Self-Care and Burnout Prevention Strategies for Counselor Resilience. Journal of Career Development, 27(3), 167-176. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007830908587
Skovholt, T. M., & Rønnestad, M. H. (2003). Struggles of the Novice Counselor and Therapist. [Article]. Journal of Career Development (Springer Science & Business Media B.V.), 30(1), 45-58.
Smith, A. (1990). Stress and information processing. In M. J. L. Wallace (Ed.), Stress and medical procedures (pp. 58-79). New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press.
Smith, P. L., & Moss, S. B. (2009). Psychologist Impairment: What Is It, How Can It Be Prevented, and What Can Be Done to Address It? [Article]. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, 16(1), 1-15. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2850.2009.01137.x
Sowa, C. J., & May, K. M. (1994). Occupational stress within the counseling profession: Implications for counselor training. [Article]. Counselor Education & Supervision, 34(1), 19.
Solway, K. S. (1985). Transition from graduate school to internship: A potential crisis. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 16(1), 50-54.
Spickard, Jr, A., Gabbe, S. G., & Christensen, J. F. (2002). MId-career burnout in generalist and specialist physicians. JAMA, 288(12), 1447-1450. doi: 10.1001/jama.288.12.1447
Taylor, S. G., & Renpenning, K. (2011). Self-care science, nursing theory and evidence-based practice: Springer Publishing.
Tyssen, R., Vaglum, P., Grønvold, N. T., & Ekeberg, Ø. (2001). Suicidal ideation among medical students and young physicians: a nationwide and prospective study of prevalence and predictors. Journal of affective disorders, 64(1), 69-79.
Vagg, P. R., & Spielberger, C. D. (1998). Occupational stress: Measuring job pressure and organizational support in the workplace. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 3(4), 294-305. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1076-8998.3.4.294
Varvogli, L., & Darviri, C. (2011). Stress Management Techniques: evidence-based procedures that reduce stress and promote health. Health Science Journal, 5(2), 74-89.
Wang, W.-L., Lee, H.-L., & Fetzer, S. J. (2006). Challenges and strategies of instrument translation. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 28(3), 310-321.
Washington, G., & Wang-Letzkus, M. F. (2009). SELF-CARE PRACTICES, HEALTH BELIEFS, AND ATTITUDES OF OLDER DIABETIC CHINESE AMERICANS. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, 32(3), 305-323.
Wise, E. H., Hersh, M. A., & Gibson, C. M. (2012). Ethics, self-care and well-being for psychologists: Reenvisioning the stress-distress continuum. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43(5), 487-494. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0029446
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
輔導與諮商碩士學位學程(MPCG)
101172008
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1011720081
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[輔導與諮商碩士學位學程] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
008101.pdf4983KbAdobe PDF1263View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing