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Title: 中、英轉碼的三聲變調
Tone Sandhi in Mandarin-English Code-Mixing
Authors: 陳旻欣
Chen, Min Hsin
Contributors: 蕭宇超
Hsiao, Yuchau E.
Chen, Min Hsin
Keywords: 優選理論
Tone sandhi
OT theory
Date: 2016
Issue Date: 2016-07-11 16:41:09 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本論文主要在探討三聲變調在中、英文語碼轉換(Mandarin-English code-mixing)時的連續變調現象。首先,從韻律音韻學的觀點,句法結構與音韻規則間存在一中介面,即韻律結構。本研究先採用Selkirk(1986)的邊界理論,檢驗句法單位邊界與韻律單位邊界一致。並用Hsiao(1991)的音板計數理論和音步分析原則來分析中、英語碼轉換的的韻律,得出三聲變調在中、英語碼轉換的變調範域為巨音步(JF),以及解釋在語意歧異結構時三聲變調的運作情形和把字句變調與不變調兩種念法。接著從優選理論觀點進行分析,三聲變調應用的制約可分為聲調制約和韻律制約,聲調制約的排序為Ident-R >> OCP-L >> IO-Ident;韻律制約的排序為:ParseSyll >> *MonoF, Align(Ft, IC)R >> FtBin。總體而言,三聲變調在中、英文語碼轉換的運作情形為當中文三聲後方接著英文帶低調特徵的音節,兩者出現在同一個變調範域,也就是被劃分在同一個巨音步時,後方的低調音節可以觸發前方三聲產生變調。
This thesis aims at examining Mandarin tone sandhi in Mandarin-English code-mixing. In Mandarin, when two L tones are adjacent, the first L is changed to LH. Hsiao and Lin (1999) have shown that a Southern Min L can trigger Mandarin tone sandhi in a code-mixed environment. Cheng (1968) also observes that the English weakest stress can trigger a preceding Mandarin L to change.
This study builds a database that contains 400 tokens of Mandarin-English code-mixing data by inserting Englsih words in Mandarin sentences and Mandarin L words must occur before English words, whose first syllable must be unstressed. We discussed how tone sandhi domain is related to prosody and syntax in two perspectives: Prosody phonily and OT theory. Three research questions are investigated. 1) What is the tone sandhi domain of Mandarin-English code-mixing? 2) How is tone sandhi domain related to prosody and syntax? 3) What tonal and prosodic constraints are used in Mandarin-English code-mixing? What are their rankings?
We concluded that first of all, the tone sandhi domain of Mandarin-English code-mixing is JF, which contains at least one Mandarin syllable and the following English syllables. Secondly, the foot parsing process is related to the directions of syntax. Third, tonal constraints are: Ident-R >> OCP-L >> IO-Ident ; and prosodic constraints are: ParseSyll >> *MonoF, Align(Ft, IC)R >> FtBin.
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