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Title: 中國大陸鄉鎮人大改革的實驗-以浙江溫嶺市鄉鎮「民主懇談會」為例
Other Titles: The Experiment of “Democratic Consultation” Reform at the Township People’s Congresses – A Case Study of Wenling City, Zhejiang, China
Authors: 曲兆祥;吳建忠
Chu, Paul Chao-hsiang;Wu, Chien-chung
Keywords: 協商民主;民主懇談;民主治理;參與式預算
deliberative democracy;democratic talkfest;democratic consultation;democratic governance;participatory budgeting
Date: 2010-09
Issue Date: 2016-07-19 16:35:00 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 經過研究,本文有如下的初步結論,一、「民主懇談會」是從體制外的實驗走向體制內的連結,透過人大來進行改革;二、公共預算議題較具可操作性,預算審查程序漸具透明與公開的性質;三、民主懇談若能將人民的選舉權再進行制度稼接,人大代表會更有主動性。最後,民主懇談制度必須能擴散,並朝向嚴謹的監督制度邁進,否則終究只是曇花一現。
One of the PRC’s political reform programs is to stimulate local governments to experiment democracy, through which the practices of civic political participation can be performed. Under such circumstances, the model of “democratic consultation” within the five townships in Wenling City, Zhejiang Province forms a trend, which has attracted attention from domestic governments and international scholars. The form of “democratic consultation” started in Wenling City in 1999. Since then, political scientists in China have studied it from the view of “deliberative democracy”, a perspective from western studies. However, this article considers that such perspective would lead to a misunderstanding of “democratic consultation”. The character of “democratic consultation” is no more than an expression of opinion in which the direct elections have never blended in. That is to say, the “democratic consultation” does not touch upon the relations of election and democracy; it is a democratic style without free election. In aspect to the political development in China, the authors conclude the following: (1) It may be time to experiment reform in the CCP; (2) public budgetary issue is more operational, and the process of budget review is more open and transparent; (3) the more promotion on democratic consultation is, the more active the local people’s congresses will be; (4) the mode of “democratic consultation” should be applied in other areas, and a rigid check and balance mechanism has to be maintained.
Relation: 中國大陸研究, 53(3), 1-24
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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