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Title: Nominal Predicates in Mandarin Chinese
Other Titles: 漢語的名詞謂語
Authors: 魏廷冀
Wei, Ting-Chi
Keywords: 名詞謂語;偏正式;修飾性謂語;數量詞組;無定名詞
nominal predicate;modificational predication;modifier-modifiee;NumP;indefinite
Date: 2007-12
Issue Date: 2016-08-11 11:24:11 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文重新檢視Tang(1998)的漢語「主要小句」分析,以期更能夠掌握漢語名詞謂語的實際運作。我們發現,漢語名詞謂語的結構可以是「光棍」名詞組或者是「非光棍」之投射;所有的名詞謂語皆呈現一種「修飾語–被修飾語」的偏正關係,並且與主語形成一種「修飾主謂關係」;整個主要小句的結構與一般句無異,是一種「非光棍」結構,而非Tang所主張的「光棍」結構。此外本文也支持,漢語有定/無定名詞組為論元而非謂語之假設。
This article reconsiders Tang’s (1998) analysis of Mandarin matrix small clauses (SC) in an attempt to get a better understanding of the structure of the Mandarin nominal predicate. It is found that the structures which the nominal predicate can take can be a bare NP or even not-so-bare projections. All the nominal predicates manifest a kind of modifier-modifiee pattern, which implements ‘modificational predication’ of the subject. Thus, the matrix SC is structurally “not-so-bare” rather than “bare”. Finally, the claim of Mandarin indefinite/definite DP as an argument, not a predicate is further strengthened in this work.
Relation: 臺灣語言學期刊, 5(2), 85-130
Taiwan Journal of Linguistics
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[台灣語言學期刊 THCI Core ] 期刊論文

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