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An Analysis of the Speech Act of Complaints and Compliments in Junior High School English Textbooks in Taiwan
|Issue Date:||2021-02-01 14:28:35 (UTC+8)|
According to the Curriculum Guidelines in Taiwan, communicative competence has become the focus in English teaching. Research has suggested that the employment of speech acts plays a critical role in one’s communicative competence (Austin, 1975). In the light of the fact that textbooks are the main English input for Taiwanese junior high students, it is necessary to examine how the English textbooks presented the speech acts. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the presentation of the speech acts of complaints and compliments in Taiwan junior high English textbooks to see whether the textbooks presented the two speech acts in American styles. There were three series of textbooks examined, Han Lin, Kang Hsuan, and Nan I. Based on the previous literature on American speech acts, the present study counted the frequencies of complaints and compliments shown in the three series of textbooks and then categorized them into main strategies. Those data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics to compare whether there were any significant differences between the ways these two speech acts are presented and the American conventions in terms of the frequency and main strategies. There were two major findings in the present study. In terms of the frequency, Han Lin and Nan I series corresponded to the American conventions. In terms of the main strategies, the three series of textbooks did not fully present the two speech acts in American styles. The present study further discussed the possible factors for such findings, including the influence of the Western culture, the cultural background of the editors, cultural teaching in EFL countries, the trend of World Englishes, and teachers’ perspective on textbooks.
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