Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/136591


Title: 半嫌惡設施對房價的非線性影響— 以台北市消防單位為例
Non-linear Impact of Semi-obnoxious Facilities on Property Price: Taking Taipei’s Fire Stations as an Example.
Authors: 張開元
Chang, Kai-Yuan
Contributors: 連賢明
張開元
Chang, Kai-Yuan
Keywords: 鄰近性
半嫌惡設施
消防單位
房價
Proximity
Semi-obnoxious facilities
Fire station
Housing prices
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-08-04 16:05:39 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文研究主要探討半嫌惡設施對於房價的非線性影響,並以台北市消防單位為例。人們對於這類半嫌惡設施的鄰近性有著曖昧不明的矛盾態度:既不希望這類設施緊鄰於自家住宅而影響到日常生活的居住品質,例如鄰近警消局處會時常受到警車和救護車的警笛聲影響,但同時又需要這些設施所提供的服務,如上述機關所提供的安全感庇蔭。因此,半嫌惡設施的特性反映在房屋價格的程度會因與其距離的不同而有異。本研究基於此基礎建立假說,並以民國108年度台北市不動產實價登錄資料搭配地理資訊系統,以特徵價格最小平方法(OLS)、分位迴歸方法(Quantile)、樣條迴歸方法(Spline)、分段迴歸方法(Segmented)等模型觀察在不同網路距離之下,消防分隊對於房屋價格的非線性影響。本文實證結果得出,在與消防單位距離0.5公里時,隨著與消防局距離增加,房屋交易單價也跟著上升,意指在這個距離區間中,消防局的鄰近性對於住宅價格的影響為負向的。在0.5公里之後,與消防局距離增加對於交易單價造成下降,但詳細的影響效果依模型設定有不同結果。但不可否認的是,半嫌惡設施在短距離內對於房屋價格影響為負向,而中長距離後為正向的。
This thesis mainly discusses the non-linear impact of semi-obnoxious facilities on housing prices, and takes the Taipei’s fire stations as an example. People have an ambiguous and contradictory attitude towards the proximity of such these semi-obnoxious facilities, and they do not want such facilities to be adjacent to their homes and affect the quality of their daily lives. For example, those who living close to fire station or police station will suffer from the annoyance of ambulance siren noise, but at the same time they need the services provided by these facilities, such as the sense of security provided by police station. Therefore, the degree to the characteristics of semi-obnoxious facilities are reflected in the price of houses will vary depending on the distance from them. This thesis builds a hypothesis based on this foundation, and uses the registration data of real estate prices in Taipei City in 2019 to match the geographic information system, then uses the hedonic pricing least square method (OLS), quantile regression method, spline regression method and segmented regression method to observe the non-linear impact of fire station on house prices under different network distances. The empirical results of this thesis show that when the distance from the fire station is 0.5 km, the house price increases as the distance from the fire station increases, which means that in this distance range, the proximity of the fire station has a negative impact on the housing price. After 0.5 km, the increase in the distance from the fire station will cause a decrease in the house price, but the detailed effects will have different results depending on the model settings. But it is undeniable that semi-obnoxious facilities have a negative impact on house prices in short distances, and a positive effect after medium and long distances.
Reference: 中文文獻
毛麗琴(2009)。影響房價變動因素之探討-以高雄市區爲例。商業現代化學刊,5(2),2009
李泓見、張金鶚、花敬群(2006)。台北都會區不同住宅類型價差之研究。台灣土地研究,第九卷第一期,63-87。
吳欣蓉(2017)。都會區大眾捷運路網對於鄰近房價之影響-以桃園機場捷運、臺中捷運綠線為例。國立中山大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
李泳龍;黃宗誠;戴政安;李善將(2009)。醫學中心對鄰近住宅環境影響之研究。建築與規劃學報,10卷2期,75-93
林忠樑、林佳慧(2014)。學校特徵與空間距離對周邊房價之影響分析-以台北市為例。經濟論文叢刊,42:2,215-271。
林祖嘉、林素菁(1993)。台灣地區環境品質與公共設施對房價與房租影響之分析住宅學報,1期,21-45。
林祖嘉、馬毓駿(2007)。特徵方程式大量估價法在台灣不動產市場之應用。住宅學報;16卷2期,1-22。
洪得洋、林祖嘉(1999)。臺北市捷運系統與道路寬度對房屋價格影響之研究。住宅學報;8期,47-67。
張嘉文(2009)。台北市捷運車站可及性與住宅價格關係之研究。中國文化大學建築及都市計畫研究所碩士論文。
葉紫光(2018)。影響房價因素之研究-不動產估價技術規則的觀點,輔仁大學統計資訊學系應用統計碩士在職專班碩士論文。.
戴承廷(2020)。社會住宅對周邊房屋價格之影響-以台北市文山區為例。國立政治大學財政學研究所碩士論文。

英文文獻
Allen, M. T., Springer, T. M., & Waller, N. G. (1995). Implicit pricing across residential rental submarkets. The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 11(2), 137-151.
Bao, H. X., & Wan, A. T. (2004). On the use of spline smoothing in estimating hedonic housing price models: empirical evidence using Hong Kong data. Real estate economics, 32(3), 487-507.
Berman, O., & Wang, Q. (2008). Locating a semi-obnoxious facility with expropriation. Computers & Operations Research, 35(2), 392-403.
Carrizosa, E., & Plastria, F. (1999). Location of semi-obnoxious facilities. Studies in Locational Analysis, 12(1999), 1-27.
Carroll, T. M., Clauretie, T. M., & Jensen, J. (1996). Living next to godliness: Residential property values and churches. The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 12(3), 319-330.
Chernobai, E., Reibel, M., & Carney, M. (2011). Nonlinear spatial and temporal effects of highway construction on house prices. The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 42(3), 348-370.
Chiang, Y. H., Peng, T. C., & Chang, C. O. (2015). The nonlinear effect of convenience stores on residential property prices: A case study of Taipei, Taiwan. Habitat International, 46, 82-90.
Coulson, N. E. (1992). Semiparametric estimates of the marginal price of floorspace. The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 5(1), 73-83.
Current, J., Daskin, M., & Schilling, D. (2002). Discrete network location models. Facility location: Applications and theory, 1, 81-118.
Espey, M., & Lopez, H. (2000). The impact of airport noise and proximity on residential property values. Growth and Change, 31(3), 408-419.
Frew, J., & Jud, G. (2003). Estimating the value of apartment buildings. Journal of Real Estate Research, 25(1), 77-86.
Hsu, V. N., Daskin, M., Jones, P. C., & Lowe, T. J. (1995). Tool selection for optimal part production: a Lagrangian relaxation approach. IIE transactions, 27(4), 417-426.
Kain, J. F., & Quigley, J. M. (1970). Measuring the value of housing quality. Journal of the American statistical association, 65(330), 532-548.
Kiel, K. A., & McClain, K. T. (1995). House prices during siting decision stages: The case of an incinerator from rumor through operation. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 28(2), 241-255.
Kiel, K. A., & McClain, K. T. (1995). The effect of an incinerator siting on housing appreciation rates. Journal of Urban Economics, 37(3), 311-323.
Koenker, R., & Bassett Jr, G. (1978). Regression quantiles. Econometrica: journal of the Econometric Society, 33-50.
Lancaster, K. J. (1966). A new approach to consumer theory. Journal of political economy, 74(2), 132-157.
Levesque, T. J. (1994). Modelling the effects of airport noise on residential housing markets: a case study of Winnipeg International Airport. Journal of transport economics and policy, 199-210.
Ohsawa, Y., & Tamura, K. (2003). Efficient location for a semi-obnoxious facility. Annals of Operations Research, 123(1), 173-188.
Plastria, F., & Carrizosa, E. (1999). Undesirable facility location with minimal covering objectives. European Journal of Operational Research, 119(1), 158-180.
Peng, T. C., & Chiang, Y. H. (2015). The non-linearity of hospitals’ proximity on property prices: Experiences from Taipei, Taiwan. Journal of Property Research, 32(4), 341-361.
Plastria, F., Gordillo, J., & Carrizosa, E. (2013). Locating a semi-obnoxious covering facility with repelling polygonal regions. Discrete Applied Mathematics, 161(16- 17), 2604-2623.
Rosen, S. (1974). Hedonic prices and implicit markets: product differentiation in pure competition. Journal of political economy, 82(1), 34-55.
Roulac, S. E. (2007). Brand+ beauty+ utility= property value. Property Management.
Rosiers, F. D., Lagana, A., & Theriault, M. (2001). Size and proximity effects of primary schools on surrounding house values. Journal of Property Research, 18(2), 149-168.
Sirmans, S., Macpherson, D., & Zietz, E. (2005). The composition of hedonic pricing models. Journal of real estate literature, 13(1), 1-44.
Suits, D. B., Mason, A., & Chan, L. (1978). Spline functions fitted by standard regression methods. The review of economics and statistics, 132-139.
Tabuchi, T. (1996). Quantity premia in real property markets. Land economics, 206-217.
Tomkins, J., Topham, N., Twomey, J., & Ward, R. (1998). Noise versus access: The impact of an airport in an urban property market. Urban studies, 35(2), 243-258.
Yiu, C. Y., & Wong, S. K. (2005). The effects of expected transport improvements on housing prices. Urban studies, 42(1), 113-125.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
財政學系
108255023
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0108255023
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
502301.pdf1812KbAdobe PDF0View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing