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Title: Commonalities and specificities of positive youth development in the U.S. and Taiwan
Authors: 楊佩榮
Yang, Pei-Jung
McGinley, Meredith
Contributors: 社工所
Keywords: Specificity principle;Positive youth development;Five Cs model;Depressive symptomology;Contribution
Date: 2021-03
Issue Date: 2022-01-11 11:08:02 (UTC+8)
Abstract: This study examined commonalities and specificities of the Five Cs Model of positive youth development (PYD) in 15-year-old youth samples across the U.S. and Taiwan. The full battery of the Five Cs measure (78 items) were administered to both samples. The Five Cs model was identified and partial metric and partial scalar measurement invariance was established between the two samples using bi-factor models. Experiences related to the Five Cs contributed to the development of an overarching PYD factor, which was associated with increased contribution and lower depressive symptomatology for all youth. Most observed differences were related to the five residual Cs, possibly reflecting the divergent experiences of youth across the two nations. Our findings support Bornstein's Specificity Principle by suggesting that adaptive outcomes were likely determined by the extent of alignment between the specific individuals and their specific rearing or cultural contexts. Implications, limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Relation: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Vol.73, pp.101251
Data Type: article
DOI 連結:
Appears in Collections:[社會工作研究所] 期刊論文

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