Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/31569


Title: 斯里蘭卡分離主義研究
Authors: 戴寶孝
DAI, BAO-SHIAO
Contributors: 陳文賢
Chen, Wen-Hsien
戴寶孝
DAI, BAO-SHIAO
Keywords: 分離主義
斯里蘭卡
種族中心論
種族叫價
Date: 2005
Issue Date: 2009-09-14 10:47:53 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 一個種族社群壁壘分明的社會,將在政治、經濟與文化的競爭環境中,激發出社群衝突的動機。斯里蘭卡分離主義運動即是在此種環境下形塑而成,亦即是說,一項規模宏大並且致使生靈塗炭的群眾運動並非一觸即成,它必須端看一些刺激性的因素異化而成。而這些刺激因素往往也是伴隨著世局的變遷,所帶來的政治理論在意識形態上的演化效應。在斯里蘭卡分離主義的歷史發展中,將可看到種族文化的對立所產生的一種充滿政治歧視與仇恨的社會景象,是一場社群領導人、痴狂的追隨者與極端主義者在政治與經濟資源上的互動競爭所造成的結果。而期間社群菁英的政治投機主義取向和以種族作為人口社群劃分在比例上的懸殊差距以及一個缺乏公益的憲政體制所塑造的政治生態,亦將是社群政治菁英甘心沉淪於「種族叫價」(ethnic outbidding)與訴求「種族中心論」的合理動機。

斯里蘭卡分離主義運動在政治理論的實踐上,同樣有其階段性的發展史。原生論與工具論將牽引著自由主義與保守主義的辯證過程,把斯里蘭卡原本族群融合的意識景象帶往社群主義所異化成的「想像」與「假象」,讓那些社群中痴狂的追隨者與極端的憤恨之徒不知不覺地產生了渴望去劃破世界主義充滿博愛與平等之幕的衝動,去甩開錫蘭民族主義的意識圖騰而執起文化民族主義的鮮明旗幟,毅然決然地走向分離主義這種種族文化殊死之途。一場不對稱的游擊戰爭──斯里蘭卡內戰就此展開,而政府(主流族群)那些持續缺乏政治道德(殘暴與激盡的武力鎮壓)的回應,將形同一枝矛戟,把從屬族群(LTTE)逼上恐怖主義這種極具暴戾、蠻橫與陰沉的不歸之途。


關鍵字:分離主義、斯里蘭卡、種族中心論、種族叫價。
Reference: 一、中文部分:
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二、英文部分:
(一) 專書目錄
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國家安全與大陸研究碩士在職專班
92981030
94
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0929810301
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國家安全與大陸研究碩士在職專班] 學位論文

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