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Title: What should financial companies know before implementing customer-oriented personalization
Authors: 林嘉宇
Lin, Chia-yu (Michelle)
Contributors: 管郁君
Eugenia Huang
Lin, Chia-yu (Michelle)
Keywords: 個人化
Financial services
Date: 2002
Issue Date: 2009-09-18 14:24:25 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 在目前競爭激烈的商業環境中,個人化服務逐漸受到重視,並被公司視為增加競爭力的利器。此篇論文首先釐清個人化與客製化之間的關係,再將個人化相關的應用、技術及設計方法做一個基礎性的探討。

由於 “顧客” 是個人化的重心,此研究以三階段的Delphi研究方法探究哪些因素會影響顧客對於個人化服務的評價。許多個人化相關的研究是以公司的角度為出發點,但此研究則是以顧客的觀點來看台灣金融業的個人化服務。研究的兩個重點為:(1) 顧客對於台灣金融業目前的個人化服務評價為何?(2)台灣金融業在個人化服務方面最需要改進的部份為何?

研究結果顯示,顧客是以一個cost-benefit viewpoint來評量企業所提供的個人化服務。對顧客而言,costs包括隱私上的損失及推銷和廣告所可能帶來的困擾。而benefits的主要來源則是好又準確的個人化服務。針對金融業來說,好又準確的個人化服務便是對個人需求經過精確的量身訂做後的資訊,在最適當的時間、地點以適當的管道提供給顧客。

Personalization is gaining increasing popularity among enterprises that strive to win a competitive edge by knowing and serving their customers better. This paper begins with an examination of the interdependency and inseparability between personalization and customization. An overview of personalization applications, technologies, and design techniques is then presented.

As 'customer' is the theme of personalization, criteria that affect customers' acceptance and evaluation of personalization initiatives are then explored using a 3-stage Delphi method. Differed from many researches that examine personalization through the corporate / implementer's lenses, this study looks at personalization practices in Taiwan's financial industry – from a customer perspective. For such purpose, a financial personalization model is constructed from a customer standpoint. Two main questions to explore are: (1) how well do customers think personalization is being implemented in Taiwan's financial industry, and (2) which areas are in desperate need for improvements.

Research results reveal that customers evaluate personalization efforts from a cost-benefit viewpoint. Potential costs include concession in privacy and concerns of possible promotion annoyance. On the other end of the scale, the main source of benefits is good and accurate personalization. In the case of financial industry, good personalization means precisely tailored information delivered at the right time and place.

Unfortunately, the research also shows that currently the costs outweigh the benefits. Three suggestions are proposed: (1) give customers more control in the personalization process, (2) respect customers’ privacy, and (3) offer customers truly tailored information instead of an excuse to annoy customers with unwanted promotions.
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