Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/35779


Title: 匯率波動與產業結構對產業獲利率之影響:以台灣中游石化業為例
Exchange Rate, Market Structure and Profitability: the Case of Taiwan's Petrochemical Industries
Authors: 林育謙
Lin,Yu Chien
Contributors: 王國樑
林育謙
Lin,Yu Chien
Keywords: 石化業
匯率
產業結構
PCM
Date: 2007
Issue Date: 2009-09-18 16:00:20 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文透過一開放經濟體系寡占模型的建立與推導,於1989年至1997年的期間,針對台灣中游石化產業的18種產品,探討匯率波動與市場結構對產業獲利率所產生之影響。由於實證資料屬panel data,於實證分析時,變異數容易產生異質性變異(heteroskedasticity)的問題,所以本文先對實證模型進行Hausman Test,結果顯示該實證模型適合使用隨機效果模型進行實證估計。根據實證結果發現,原料進口加權匯率對本國廠商內銷獲利率的影響為負向;出口比對本國廠商內銷獲利率的影響為正向;原料進口加權匯率與國內產業集中度的乘積對本國廠商內銷獲利率的影響為正向;原料進口加權匯率與出口比的乘積對本國廠商內銷獲利率的影響同樣為正向。分析上述結果,在國內廠商生產過程中,使用國外進口生產原料超過某一特定比例的假設之下,當本國貨幣貶值時,國內廠商因進口原料成本增加,將導致其內銷獲利率減少,且內銷獲利率減少幅度與市場競爭程度成正比,與出口比成反比。
Reference: 中文部分
王國樑(1993) ,「進口自由化、公交法與台灣地區中游石化業」,公平交易法與市場機能研討會論文集,頁157-178。
王國樑、林淑芬(2000),「台灣中游石化業進口價格匯率轉嫁彈性之探討」,經濟論文,28(1),頁97-126。
周桂蘭(1992),「進口自由化對台灣市場結構與績效的影響」,國立中興大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
吳信德(2002),「對外直接投資、開放程度與產業獲利率—以台灣中游石化業為例」,國立政治大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
許秀珊(2002),「產業獲利率、產業集中度與進出口比例之關聯性分析—以台灣中游石化業為例」,國立政治大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
張美玲、王國樑、王淑卿(2006),「獲利率、集中度、進口比與出口比:以台灣中游石化業為例」,管理學報,23(6),頁677-690。
英文部分
Bhattacharya, M. (2002), “Industrial Concentration and Competition in Malaysia Manufacturing,” Applied Economics, 34, 2127-2134.
Chou, T. C. (1986), “Concentration, Profitability in A Simultaneous Equation Analysis: The Case of Taiwan,” Journal of Industrial Economics, 34, 429-443.
Clarida, R. H. (1997), “The Real Exchange Rate and US Manufacturing Profits: A Theoretical Framework with Some Empirical Support,” International Journal of Finance and Economics, 2, 177-188.
Dornbusch, R. (1987), “Exchange Rates and Prices,” American Economic Review, 77, 93-106.
Fienberg, R. M. (1986), “The Interaction of Foreign Exchange and Market Power Effect on German Domestic Prices,” The Journal of Industrial Economics, XXXV, 61-70.
Fienberg, R. M. (1989), “The Effect if Foreign Exchange Movements on US Domestic Prices,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 71, 505-511.
Go, L. G., D. R. Kamerschen and C. D. Delorme, Jr. (1999), “Market Structure and Price-Cost Margins in Philippine Manufacturing Industries,” Applied Economics, 31, 857-864.
Guncavdi, O. and B. Z. Orbay (2002), “Exchange Rates, Market Structure and Price-Cost Margins: Evidence from a Developing Country,” Applied Economics, 34, 783-789
Jacquemin, E. de Ghellick and C. Huveneers (1980), “Concentration and Performance in a Small Open Economy,” Journal of Industrial Economics, 29, 131-144.
Khalilzadeh-Shirazi, J. (1974), “Market Structure and Price-Cost Margins in United Kingdom Manufacturing Industries,” Review of Economics & Statistics, 56(1), 67-76.
Krause, L.B. (1962), “Import Discipline: The Case of the United States Steel Industry,” Journal of Industrial Economics, 11, 33-47.
Lee, J. (1997), “The Response of Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Market Concentration in a Small Economy: the Evidence from Korea,” Review of Economics and Statistics, LXXIX, 142-145.
Lerner, A. P. (1934), “The Concept of Monopoly and the Measurement of Monopoly Power,” Review of Economic Studies, 1, 57-75.
Nolle, D. E. (1991), “An Empirical Analysis of Market Structure and Import and Export Performance for U.S. Manufacturing Industries,” Quarterly Review of Economics and Business, 31(4), 60-78.
Tsui, H. C. (2002), “The Interaction of Market Structures and External Exposure Effects on Profit Margins: An Empirical Analysis of Taiwan,” Journal of Economic Development, 27(1), 107-123.
Wang, K. L. (1997), “The Influence of Increased Foreign Competition on Profitability and Concentration in the Taiwan Petrochemistry Industry,” Academia Economic Papers, 25, 45-68.
Wang, K. L. and S. C. Wang (2008), “Profitability, concentration, imports and exports: the case of Taiwan's midstream petrochemical industries,” Applied Economics, (Accepted and forthcoming).
Yalcin, C. (2000), “Price-Cost Margins and Trade Liberation in Turkish Manufacturing Industry: A Panel Data Analysis,” The Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, Research Department Discussion Paper.
Yang, J. (1997), “Exchange Rate Pass-Through in U.S. Manufacturing Industries,” Review of Economics and Statistics, LXXIX, 95-104.
Yoon, S. (2004), “A Note on the Market Structure and Performance in Korean Manufacturing Industries,” Journal of Policy Modeling, 26, 733-746.
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
經濟研究所
95258001
96
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095258001
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
800101.pdf46KbAdobe PDF755View/Open
800102.pdf71KbAdobe PDF783View/Open
800103.pdf62KbAdobe PDF882View/Open
800104.pdf76KbAdobe PDF801View/Open
800105.pdf124KbAdobe PDF1289View/Open
800106.pdf122KbAdobe PDF1424View/Open
800107.pdf132KbAdobe PDF1044View/Open
800108.pdf150KbAdobe PDF1095View/Open
800109.pdf123KbAdobe PDF1877View/Open
800110.pdf106KbAdobe PDF906View/Open
800111.pdf101KbAdobe PDF763View/Open
800112.pdf62KbAdobe PDF934View/Open
800113.pdf85KbAdobe PDF2143View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing