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|Other Titles:||From Beliefs about Human Nature to Parenting Behavior: The Mediation Process Model|
mediation process model;parenting belief;parenting behavior;beliefs about intelligence;beliefs about human nature
|Issue Date:||2016-07-07 11:51:10 (UTC+8)|
The purpose of this study is to clarify the myth that parenting beliefs do not have sufficient predictive power for parenting styles. The attempt to take “beliefs about human nature” (belief about intelligence， belief about human morality， etc.) into consideration helped the development of the “mediation process hypothesis.” Efforts were made to explore how belief of human nature makes use of intervening variables， such as “attribution” and “belief of the effectiveness of parenting，” to influence inclination of parenting behavior. A total of 525 subjects participated in this experiment to answer the questionnaire focusing on the relationship of parents’ belief of intelligence and parenting behavior. “Parenting belief” and “general belief of intelligence” were measured by traditional self-report scale， while “contingent belief of intelligence” was measured in the form of simulated childrearing contexts， so as to highlight its “contingent” nature. Two contextual variables (learning performance and degree of hardworking) were manipulated in a 2 × 2 experiment design. All the research results echoed the main predictions of the “mediation process hypothesis”: (1) Parenting belief is not the guideline for practical parenting behavior. (2) The “general belief of intelligence” does not directly influence parents’ attribution of children’s performance as well as parenting behavior. (3) The real determinant of parenting behavior is the dynamic “contingent belief of intelligence” which varies with the practical parenting contexts and leads to different attribution as well as parenting implementation. Both present research and previous studies confirmed that “belief of human nature” has more important impact on actual parenting process than parenting beliefs. In a practical context， this belief of human nature will form a specific contingent belief of human nature according to the context information and further influence parenting behaviors via the attribution process.
Journal of Education & Psychology
|Appears in Collections:||[教育與心理研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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