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|Other Titles:||Heterogeneous Longitudinal Self-Esteem Trajectories in Adolescence and Gender Effect|
growth mixture model;self-esteem;Taiwan Youth Project;adolescent;latent growth model
|Issue Date:||2016-08-09 16:31:27 (UTC+8)|
Latent Growth Model (LGM) and Growth Mixture Model (GMM) were used in this study to explore self-esteem trajectories of 2,440 junior high school students through the longitudinal database of Taiwan Youth Project (TYP). The results showed that globally there is no significant change in self-esteem of over the three years, and girls have both lower self-esteem initial levels and slopes. Six heterogeneous latent growth trajectories were identified through GMM: Stable Low Esteem group (.6%), Declined Esteem (from Medium to Low) group (2.2%), Stable Medium Esteem group (80.0%), Increased Esteem (from Medium to High) group (2.1%), Declined Esteem (from High to Medium) group (6.4%), and Stable High Esteem group (7.8%). Gender affects self-esteem trajectories through both direct and indirect paths. Indirect paths showed that girls were classified into Stable High Esteem group and Declined Esteem (from medium to low) group more often, and boys were classified into Stable Medium Esteem group more often. Direct paths showed that girls’ initial esteem levels are lower than boys’ in Stable Medium Esteem group. Discussion and suggestion were made according to the results of this study.
Journal of Education & Psychology
|Appears in Collections:||[教育與心理研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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